We described the results of a hypofractionated regimen (HFRT) in a cohort of elderly patients (36 subjects) with stage I-II non-small-cell-lung cancer (NSCLC), tumor size> or =3 cm and ineligible for surgery. HFRT was delivered in 20 daily fractions of 3 Gy per fraction with a total dose of 60 Gy. The median PTV was 145 cm(3). The primary purpose of study was to estimate the local tumor control at 2 years as well as the modifications in the lung function parameters at 6 and 12 months. The local tumor control was 63.9% at 2 years. The incidence of distant recurrence rate at 2 years was 50%. The overall-survival (OS), the cause-specific-survival (CSS) and the disease-free-survival (DSF) at 2 years were 55.6, 57.1, and 38.9%, respectively. The median OS, CSS, and DFS was 25.4 (CI 95% 21.7-32.9), 26.7 (CI 95% 22.5-33.5) and 23.4 months (CI 95% 18.6-30.1), respectively. The two clinical parameters with a positive influence on OS were a KPS> or =90 (HR 1.16; p=0.013) and tumor size< or =4 cm (HR 0.763; p=0.011). No grade 3-4 acute toxicity was reported. No significant change in lung function parameters was measured at 6 and 12 months. For patients with larger or centrally located tumors as well as for subjects with lymph nodes involvement SBRT may be of limited valiance. Although the performances of our regimen were lower than the ones achieved by SBRT, our therapeutic option may offer a lower incidence of complications against a satisfactory local tumor control.
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|Titolo:||Hypofractionated radical radiotherapy in elderly patients with medically inoperable stage I-II non-small-cell lung cancer|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|