It has been demonstrated that the flavonoid quercetin (3,3',4',5,7-pentahydroxyflavone; Q) inhibits the growth of several cancer cell lines. There is evidence suggesting that the antiproliferative activity of this substance is mediated by the so-called type II estrogen-binding site (type II EBS). We looked for the presence of type II EBS and the effect of Q on the proliferation of an Adriamycin-resistant estrogen-receptor-negative human breast-cancer cell line (MCF-7 ADRr). By whole-cell assay using estradiol labelled with 6,7-tritium [( 3H]-E2) as a tracer, we demonstrated that MCF-7 ADRr cells contain type II EBSs. Competition analysis revealed that diethylstilbestrol (DES) and Q competed with similar potency for [3H]-Es binding to type II EBSs. The antiestrogen tamoxifen (TAM) competed for type II EBSs, albeit to a lesser extent than either DES or Q. Growth experiments demonstrated that Q and DES exerted a dose-dependent inhibition of cell proliferation in the range of concentrations between 10 nM and 10 microM, whereas TAM was less effective. Q could also inhibit colony formation in a clonogenic assay. Our results indicate that multidrug-resistant estrogen-receptor-negative MCF-7 cells express type II EBSs and are sensitive to the inhibitory effect of Q. This substance could be the parent compound of a novel class of anticancer agents.
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|Titolo:||Quercetin inhibits the growth of a multidrug-resistant estrogen-receptor-negative MCF-7 human breast-cancer cell line expressing type II estrogen-binding sites.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1991|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|