Background and Methods. Bone marrow transplantation is increasingly used to overcome the bone marrow toxicity from myeloblative therapy. Peripheral blood progenitor cell transplantation (PBPCT) has been recognized as an alternative source of bone marrow for hemopoietic recovery after myeloblative therapy. In the steady state condition hemopoietic progenitors are scarce in peripheral blood; chemotherapy and growth factors are both able to increase PBPCs. Twenty-five patients affected by resistant lymphoproliferative diseases [4 multiple myeloma (MM), 19 non Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and 2 Hodgkin's disease (HD)] were submitted to autologous peripheral blood progenitor cell transplantation (PBPCT). PBPCs were collected after chemotherapy (CT) alone (8 patients) or plus filgrastim (17 patients). Filgrastim was not administered after PBPCT in any case. Results and Conclusions. A statistically significant difference between the two groups was found for the following parameters: number of leukaphereses administered, amount of CFU-GM infused, time to hemopoietic recovery, amount of supportive care, number of days of antibiotic therapy, length of hospitalization. PBPCs primed with filgrastim CT appeared to be markedly superior to CT-recruited PBPCs in reducing the period of neutropenia and, surprisingly, of thrombocytopenia. Reduction in hematologic toxicity resulted in a decrease of transplantation-related toxicity and mortality, even in elderly and/or heavily pretreated patients.
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|Titolo:||Autologous transplantation of peripheral blood progenitor cells mobilized by chemotherapy with or without G-CSF (filgrastim) in resistant lymphoproliferative diseases: Enhanced hemopoietic recovery with filgrastim primed progenitors|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1993|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|