Up-going and Horizontal Tau Air-Showers, UpTaus and HorTaus, may trace Ultra High Energy Neutrino Tau Earth Skimming at the edge of the horizons. Their secondaries (μ± and γ bundles with e± pair flashes) might trace their nature over UHECR secondaries in horizontal showers. Indeed the atmosphere act as a perfect amplifier as well as a filter for showers: down-ward and horizontal μ bundles may still be originated by far Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays skimming the terrestrial atmosphere but their rich gamma component will be exponentially suppressed. At large zenith angles after crossing a large slant depth (Xmax > 3 × 103 g cm-2) the number of μ± and secondary γ's (produced by the e± pair from μ decay in flight) is comparable. On the other hand, up-ward muon bundles from UpTaus and HorTaus may arise within a young shower with a larger gamma-muon ratio (∼ 102), leaving its characteristic imprint. We estimate the UpTaus and HorTaus rate from the Earth and we evaluate the consequent event rate of μ± e± and γ bundles. We show that such events even for minimal GZK neutrino fluxes could be detected by scintillator arrays placed on mountains at 1 - 5 km and pointing to the horizon. The required array areas are within tens-hundreds of square meters. An optimal structure is an array of crown-like twin detectors facing the horizons. We argue that such detectors will be able to detect both muonic bundles at a minimal average flux of 10-11 cm-2 s-1 sr-1 and electromagnetic particles (γ, e±) at 3 × 10-9 cm-2 s-1 sr-1, a few times each year, even for the minimal GZK ν flux. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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|Titolo:||Muon and gamma bundles tracing up-going Tau neutrino astronomy|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Citazione:||Muon and gamma bundles tracing up-going Tau neutrino astronomy / Fargion, Daniele; M., De Santis; DE SANCTIS LUCENTINI, PIER GIORGIO; M., Grossi. - In: NUCLEAR PHYSICS B-PROCEEDINGS SUPPLEMENTS. - ISSN 0920-5632. - STAMPA. - 136:1-3 SPEC.ISS.(2004), pp. 119-128.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|