Little is known about alterations of cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors p15INK4B, p16INK4A and of MDM2 inhibitor p14ARF due to single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located within the CDKN2A/B genes and/or neighbouring loci. In order to investigate the potential involvement of such common DNA sequence variants in leukemia susceptibility, an association study was performed by genotyping 23 SNPs spanning the MTAP, CDKN2A/B and CDKN2BAS loci, as well as relative intergenic regions, in a case-control cohort made up of 149 leukemia patients, including Philadelphia positive (Ph +) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) samples, and 183 healthy controls. rs564398, mapping to the CDKN2BAS locus that encodes for ANRIL antisense non-coding RNA, showed a statistically significant correlation with the ALL phenotype, with a risk pattern that was compatible with an overdominant model of disease susceptibility and a OR of 2 (95% CI, 1.20-3.33; p=7.1×10 -3). We hypothesized that this association reflects the capability of some ANRIL polymorphisms to contribute to its transcription changes responsible for alterations of CDKN2A/B expression profiles, thus leading to abnormal proliferative boosts and consequent increased ALL susceptibility. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
A polymorphism in the chromosome 9p21 ANRIL locus is associated to Philadelphia positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia / Ilaria, Iacobucci; Marco, Sazzini; Paolo, Garagnani; Anna, Ferrari; Alessio, Boattini; Annalisa, Lonetti; Cristina, Papayannidis; Vilma, Mantovani; Elena, Marasco; Emanuela, Ottaviani; Simona, Soverini; Domenico, Girelli; Donata, Luiselli; Vignetti, Marco; Michele, Baccarani; Giovanni, Martinelli. - In: LEUKEMIA RESEARCH. - ISSN 0145-2126. - 35:8(2011), pp. 1052-1059. [10.1016/j.leukres.2011.02.020]