The thyroid gland harbours many diseases which require a surgical treatment; the gland may also be involved by some secondary malignant neoplasms. Such type of involvement by laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancers is more often due to direct extension rather than metastases. In this paper the Authors report their experience of tumoral involvement of the thyroid gland in 35 patients with laryngeal or hypopharyngeal cancer observed from 1986 to 1990. All patients had an epidermoid carcinoma of the larynx or hypopharynx that required an hemithyroidectomy (always plus isthmectomy) or an isthmectomy associated to laryngectomy. On pathologic examination 5 thyroid specimens revealed tumoral involvement in patients with laryngeal neoplasms: 1 case of solitary metastasis and 4 cases of direct extension. In patients with hypopharyngeal lesions, on the contrary, the gland was, in all cases, undamaged. For this very interesting and uncommon finding the Authors agree with Harrison's proposal suggesting total thyroidectomy is necessary in case of subglottic lesions while in all the other laryngeal and hypopharyngeal lesions the homolateral lobe of the thyroid gland and the isthmus should be removed with the specimen also performing a frozen section examination of the contralateral lobe. In this study tumoral involvement of the thyroid gland appeared to be a very important negative prognostic factor and was higher in the subglottic and anterior commissure lesions.
[Thyroid gland and carcinoma of the hypopharyngeal-laryngeal region] / A., Croce; A., Moretti; M., Bianchedi; M. M., Boccia; DE VINCENTIIS, Marco. - In: IL GIORNALE DI CHIRURGIA. - ISSN 0391-9005. - 12:10(1991), pp. 489-492.