When injected intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) in rats, nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) delays gastric emptying and increases plasma corticosterone levels. Our aim in this study was to investigate changes in gastric emptying of a phenol red meal, and the plasma corticosterone response to N/OFQ in adrenalectomized (ADX) rats, in ADX rats injected with corticosterone at 1, 24 and 72 h before the gastric emptying assay, and in intact rats i.c.v. pretreated with a glucocorticoid antagonist (RU486) and with a corticotropin-releasing factor receptor antagonist (alpha-helical CRF9-41). In adrenal intact rats, i.c.v. injection of N/OFQ (2.5 nmol rat(-1)) significantly delayed gastric emptying (by 70%) and increased plasma corticosterone concentrations. Conversely, in ADX rats, N/OFQ left gastric emptying unchanged. In ADX rats, corticosterone injected at 1, 24 and 72 h before the gastric emptying assay almost restored the N/OFQ-induced delay in gastric emptying. Finally, pretreatment with RU486- and alpha-helical CRF9-41 abolished the N/OFQ-induced inhibition of gastric emptying. These findings suggest that central N/OFQ inhibits gastric emptying through an integrated orphaninergic system-CRF interaction in which corticosterone plays a permissive role.
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|Titolo:||Nociceptin/orphanin FQ-induced delay in gastric emptying: role of central corticotropin-releasing factor and glucocorticoid receptors|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|