When chromatin matrix, "stripped" from its loosely-bound components by extraction with 3 M NaCl, is extensively digested with DNAase I, a fraction is obtained, which carries no endogenous DNA methyltransferase activity but which is a good substrate for externally added enzyme. Under the same conditions, protein-free DNA isolated from this fraction can instead hardly be methylated, this different behaviour pointing to a role of DNA-tightly-bound proteins in favoring or promoting the catalytic action of the enzyme. A similar stimulation of enzymatic methylation could also be shown when, in the presence of this same fraction, single stranded Micrococcus luteus DNA was incubated with placental methyltransferase, using S-adenosylmethionine as a methyl donor. This finding can be correlated to the existence, in chromatin loops, of small regions which resist digestion by DNAase I also after high-salt removal of their loosely-bound components (presumably because of the presence of tightly-bound proteins) and whose DNA is characterized by high methylation levels and, at the same time, by high relative content of thymine.

DO TIGHTLY-BOUND CHROMATIN PROTEINS PLAY A ROLE IN DNA METHYLATION / Caiafa, Paola; S., Mastrantonio; M., Attina; M., Rispoli; Reale, Anna; Strom, Roberto. - In: BIOCHEMISTRY INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0158-5231. - STAMPA. - 17:5(1988), pp. 863-875.

DO TIGHTLY-BOUND CHROMATIN PROTEINS PLAY A ROLE IN DNA METHYLATION

CAIAFA, Paola;REALE, Anna;STROM, Roberto
1988

Abstract

When chromatin matrix, "stripped" from its loosely-bound components by extraction with 3 M NaCl, is extensively digested with DNAase I, a fraction is obtained, which carries no endogenous DNA methyltransferase activity but which is a good substrate for externally added enzyme. Under the same conditions, protein-free DNA isolated from this fraction can instead hardly be methylated, this different behaviour pointing to a role of DNA-tightly-bound proteins in favoring or promoting the catalytic action of the enzyme. A similar stimulation of enzymatic methylation could also be shown when, in the presence of this same fraction, single stranded Micrococcus luteus DNA was incubated with placental methyltransferase, using S-adenosylmethionine as a methyl donor. This finding can be correlated to the existence, in chromatin loops, of small regions which resist digestion by DNAase I also after high-salt removal of their loosely-bound components (presumably because of the presence of tightly-bound proteins) and whose DNA is characterized by high methylation levels and, at the same time, by high relative content of thymine.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/387536
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