Very late Ag (VLA)-3, VLA-4, and VLA-5, belonging to the beta-1 subfamily of integrins, have been recently identified as receptors for different binding regions of fibronectin (FN). We have detected VLA-4 and VLA-5, but not VLA-3, on fresh CD3-, CD16+, CD56+ human NK cells by flow cytometry and immunochemical analyses using mAb directed against beta-1, alpha-3, alpha-4, and alpha-5 subunits. Binding assays, performed on FN-coated plates, showed that NK cells specifically adhere to FN and their binding capacity is increased by MgCl2 but not by CaCl2. Using as inhibitory probes a polyclonal antibody against the beta-1 chain of the human FN receptor, the synthetic peptide GRGDSP, which is able to inhibit cellular adhesion mediated by VLA-5, the CS1 fragment, which contains the principal adhesion site in the IIICS domain recognized by VLA-4, and functional mAb directed against alpha-4 or alpha-5 subunits, we show that both VLA-4 and VLA-5 mediate the adhesion of human NK cells to FN. The expression of these integrin receptors may be relevant for NK interaction with extracellular matrix components and other cell types.
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|Titolo:||Human natural killer cells express VLA-4 and VLA-5, which mediate their adhesion to fibronectin.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1991|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|