In order to gauge the appropriateness of CO2 reaction with Mg chloride solutions as a process for storing carbon dioxide, the thermal behaviour and structural stability of its solid product, nesquehonite (MgCO3·3H2O), were investigated in situ using real-time laboratory parallel-beam X-ray powder diffraction. The results suggest that the nesquehonite structure remains substantially unaffected up to 373K, with the exception of a markedly anisotropic thermal expansion acting mainly along the c axis. In the 371-390K range, the loss of one water molecule results in the nucleation of a phase of probable composition MgCO3·2H2O, which is characterized by significant structural disorder. At higher temperatures (423-483K), both magnesite and MgO·2MgCO3 coexist. Finally, at 603K, periclase nucleation starts and the disappearance of carbonate phases is completed at 683K. Consequently, the structural stability of nesquehonite at high temperatures suggests that it will remain stable under the temperature conditions that prevail at the Earth's surface. These results will help (a) to set constraints on the temperature conditions under which nesquehonite may be safely stored and (b) to develop CO2 sequestration via the synthesis of nesquehonite for industrial application. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

The thermal behaviour and structural stability of nesquehonite, MgCO3·3H2O, evaluated by in situ laboratory parallel-beam X-ray powder diffraction: New constraints on CO2 sequestration within minerals / Ballirano, Paolo; DE VITO, Caterina; Ferrini, Vincenzo; Mignardi, Silvano. - In: JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS. - ISSN 0304-3894. - STAMPA. - 178:1-3(2010), pp. 522-528. [10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.01.113]

The thermal behaviour and structural stability of nesquehonite, MgCO3·3H2O, evaluated by in situ laboratory parallel-beam X-ray powder diffraction: New constraints on CO2 sequestration within minerals

BALLIRANO, Paolo;DE VITO, Caterina;FERRINI, Vincenzo;MIGNARDI, Silvano
2010

Abstract

In order to gauge the appropriateness of CO2 reaction with Mg chloride solutions as a process for storing carbon dioxide, the thermal behaviour and structural stability of its solid product, nesquehonite (MgCO3·3H2O), were investigated in situ using real-time laboratory parallel-beam X-ray powder diffraction. The results suggest that the nesquehonite structure remains substantially unaffected up to 373K, with the exception of a markedly anisotropic thermal expansion acting mainly along the c axis. In the 371-390K range, the loss of one water molecule results in the nucleation of a phase of probable composition MgCO3·2H2O, which is characterized by significant structural disorder. At higher temperatures (423-483K), both magnesite and MgO·2MgCO3 coexist. Finally, at 603K, periclase nucleation starts and the disappearance of carbonate phases is completed at 683K. Consequently, the structural stability of nesquehonite at high temperatures suggests that it will remain stable under the temperature conditions that prevail at the Earth's surface. These results will help (a) to set constraints on the temperature conditions under which nesquehonite may be safely stored and (b) to develop CO2 sequestration via the synthesis of nesquehonite for industrial application. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
2010
nesquehonite; thermal behaviour; rietveld method; x-ray powder diffraction; co2 sequestration
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
The thermal behaviour and structural stability of nesquehonite, MgCO3·3H2O, evaluated by in situ laboratory parallel-beam X-ray powder diffraction: New constraints on CO2 sequestration within minerals / Ballirano, Paolo; DE VITO, Caterina; Ferrini, Vincenzo; Mignardi, Silvano. - In: JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS. - ISSN 0304-3894. - STAMPA. - 178:1-3(2010), pp. 522-528. [10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.01.113]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/38554
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