A soluble macrophage-derived blastogenic factor, previously reported as MBF, is secreted from macrophages activated with galactose oxidase. It was previously shown that MBF is able to induce IFN-gamma production and proliferation of T lymphocytes. In this study we found that MBF is able to induce in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) production of interleukin 1 (IL-1) beta, interleukin 2 (IL-2) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha and generation of MHC-unrestricted cytotoxic activity. The induction of killer cells is likely to rely on IFN-gamma production in that in PBMC treated with a monoclonal antibody (Mab) against IFN-gamma, the MBF induced cytotoxic activity was drastically reduced A comparison of MBF induced cytotoxic effectors with those induced by IL-2 showed that both cytotoxic effectors pertain to NK lineage, in that they were CD3- and CD16+. On the contrary, the precursors of MBF and IL-2 induced killer cells were different; MBF cytotoxic precursor cells were highly sensitive to L-Leucine methyl ester (Leu-OME), a drug able to eliminate monocytes and NK cells, whereas IL-2 cytotoxic precursors were unaffected by this drug.
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|Titolo:||A macrophage derived blastogenic factor-MBF-induces cytokines and cytotoxic effectors in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1992|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|