Background and aims. Initial experience with the posterior sphincterotomy for treating anal fissures was unsatisfactory, with a significant rate of recurrences and anal incontinence. This report describes the lateral approach to complete section of the internal sphincter. Patients and methods. Between 1997 and 2001 we surgically treated 164 patients for anal fissure. Preoperative and postoperative anal manometries were recorded. Postoperative course and early and long-term results were recorded. Results. No fissure failed to heal. Early complications included bleeding, hematoma, and pain. A transient, variable degree of incontinence occurred in 15 patients and persistent incontinence to flatus and soiling in 5. After total sphincterotomy no long-term complication was observed. Patient satisfaction was 96%. Conclusion. Total subcutaneous, internal sphincterotomy is a safe, effective procedure for the treatment of chronic anal fissure.

Total lateral sphincterotomy for anal fissure / Tocchi, Adriano; Gianluca, Mazzoni; Miccini, Michelangelo; Cassini, Diletta; Bettelli, Elia; Brozzetti, Stefania. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COLORECTAL DISEASE. - ISSN 0179-1958. - 19:3(2004), pp. 245-249. [10.1007/s00384-003-0525-9]

Total lateral sphincterotomy for anal fissure

TOCCHI, Adriano;MICCINI, MICHELANGELO;CASSINI, Diletta;BETTELLI, ELIA;BROZZETTI, Stefania
2004

Abstract

Background and aims. Initial experience with the posterior sphincterotomy for treating anal fissures was unsatisfactory, with a significant rate of recurrences and anal incontinence. This report describes the lateral approach to complete section of the internal sphincter. Patients and methods. Between 1997 and 2001 we surgically treated 164 patients for anal fissure. Preoperative and postoperative anal manometries were recorded. Postoperative course and early and long-term results were recorded. Results. No fissure failed to heal. Early complications included bleeding, hematoma, and pain. A transient, variable degree of incontinence occurred in 15 patients and persistent incontinence to flatus and soiling in 5. After total sphincterotomy no long-term complication was observed. Patient satisfaction was 96%. Conclusion. Total subcutaneous, internal sphincterotomy is a safe, effective procedure for the treatment of chronic anal fissure.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/380881
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