Plastic recycling is the process of recovering scrap or waste plastics and reprocessing the material into useful products that sometimes differ completely in form from their original state. An important issue in plastic recovery and recycling is that plastic waste usually contains a variety of plastics that differ in their physical and chemical properties. Separation of recovered plastics into distinct classes is a fundamental prerequisite for their use as secondary raw materials. The Multidune separator is a hydraulic channel that permits solid particle sorting on the basis of differential transport mechanisms. Steady flow conditions are established within the apparatus. An image analysis technique was employed to reconstruct the trajectories of tracer particles within the fluid and to determine the evolution of the velocity field with time. Pollen and plastic particles Were used as tracers. Unlike plastic particles, pollen is expected to passively follow the fluid flow field. Tests on monomaterial and composite samples were conducted while varying the operative conditions, and comparisons were made. The presence of three different recirculation areas occurred regardless of the hydraulic head at the Multidune inlet except for the first and last chambers. The lower recirculation zone is larger than the upper recirculation zone because of geometrical constraints. With variation in the hydraulic head, the geometry of the inner structures does not change appreciably. if a plastic particle within the principal transport path interacts with the lower recirculation area and its physical characteristics (density and dimensions) are such that it remains trapped, the separation process is successful. Because of its smaller dimensions and the reduced value of its velocity field, the upper recirculation area is relatively ineffective in the separation process.

Recovering Plastics via the Hydraulic Separator Multidune: flow analysis and Efficiency Tests / Moroni, Monica; LA MARCA, Floriana; L., Cherubini; Cenedese, Antonio. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 1735-6865. - 7:1(2013), pp. 113-130.

Recovering Plastics via the Hydraulic Separator Multidune: flow analysis and Efficiency Tests

MORONI, Monica;LA MARCA, Floriana;CENEDESE, Antonio
2013

Abstract

Plastic recycling is the process of recovering scrap or waste plastics and reprocessing the material into useful products that sometimes differ completely in form from their original state. An important issue in plastic recovery and recycling is that plastic waste usually contains a variety of plastics that differ in their physical and chemical properties. Separation of recovered plastics into distinct classes is a fundamental prerequisite for their use as secondary raw materials. The Multidune separator is a hydraulic channel that permits solid particle sorting on the basis of differential transport mechanisms. Steady flow conditions are established within the apparatus. An image analysis technique was employed to reconstruct the trajectories of tracer particles within the fluid and to determine the evolution of the velocity field with time. Pollen and plastic particles Were used as tracers. Unlike plastic particles, pollen is expected to passively follow the fluid flow field. Tests on monomaterial and composite samples were conducted while varying the operative conditions, and comparisons were made. The presence of three different recirculation areas occurred regardless of the hydraulic head at the Multidune inlet except for the first and last chambers. The lower recirculation zone is larger than the upper recirculation zone because of geometrical constraints. With variation in the hydraulic head, the geometry of the inner structures does not change appreciably. if a plastic particle within the principal transport path interacts with the lower recirculation area and its physical characteristics (density and dimensions) are such that it remains trapped, the separation process is successful. Because of its smaller dimensions and the reduced value of its velocity field, the upper recirculation area is relatively ineffective in the separation process.
2013
image analysis techniques; hydraulic separation; plastic recovery; plastic recycling; fluid dynamics; laboratory experiments; fluid-dynamic characterization
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Recovering Plastics via the Hydraulic Separator Multidune: flow analysis and Efficiency Tests / Moroni, Monica; LA MARCA, Floriana; L., Cherubini; Cenedese, Antonio. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 1735-6865. - 7:1(2013), pp. 113-130.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/379543
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