We consider the planar random motion of a particle that moves with constant finite speed c and, at Poisson-distributed times, changes its direction theta with uniform law in [0, 2 pi). This model represents the natural two-dimensional counterpart of the well-known Goldstein-Kac telegraph process. For the particle's position (X (t), Y (t)), t > 0, we obtain the explicit conditional distribution when the number of changes of direction is fixed. From this, we derive the explicit probability law f(x, y, t) of (X (t), Y (t)) and show that the density p(x, y, t) of its absolutely continuous component is the fundamental solution to the planar wave equation with damping. We also show that, under the usual Kac condition on the velocity c and the intensity lambda of the Poisson process, the density p tends to the transition density of planar Brownian motion. Some discussions concerning the probabilistic structure of wave diffusion with damping are presented and some applications of the model are sketched.
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|Titolo:||A planar random motion with an infinite number of directions controlled by the damped wave equation|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appare nella tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|