N,N-Dimethylation of the H-Dmt-Tic-NH-CH(R)-R' series of compounds produced no significant affect on the high delta-opioid receptor affinity (K-i = 0.035-0.454 nM), but dramatically decreased that for the p-opioid receptor. The effect of N-methylation was independent of the length of the linker (R); however, the bioactivities were affected by the chemical composition of the third aromatic group (R'): phenyl (Ph) (5'-8') elicited a greater reduction in mu-affinity (40-70-fold) compared to analogues containing 1H-benzimidazole-2-yl (Bid) (9-fold). The major consequences of N,N-dimethylation on in vitro bioactivity were: (i) a loss of delta-agonism coupled with the appearance of potent 6 antagonism (4'-7') (pA(2) = 8.14-9.47), while 1 exhibited only a 160-fold decreased delta agonism (1') and the delta antagonism of 8 enhanced > 10-fold (pA(2) = 10.62, 8'); and (ii) a consistent loss of P-affinity resulted in enhanced delta-opioid receptor selectivity. With the exception of compound 1, the change in the hydrophobic environment at the N-terminus and formation of a tertiary amine by N,N-dimethylation in analogues of the Dmt-Tic pharmacophore produced potent delta-selective antagonists. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
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|Titolo:||Synthesis and opioid activity of N,N-Dimethyl-Dmt-Tic-NH-CH(R)-R' analogues: acquisition of potent delta antagonism|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|