Reduced K-means (RKM) and Factorial K-means (FKM) are two data reduction techniques incorporating principal component analysis and K-means into a unified methodology to obtain a reduced set of components for variables and an optimal partition for objects. RKM finds clusters in a reduced space by maximizing the between-clusters deviance without imposing any condition on the within-clusters deviance, so that clusters are isolated but they might be heterogeneous. On the other hand, FKM identifies clusters in a reduced space by minimizing the within-clusters deviance without imposing any condition on the between-clusters deviance. Thus, clusters are homogeneous, but they might not be isolated. The two techniques give different results because the total deviance in the reduced space for the two methodologies is not constant; hence the minimization of the within-clusters deviance is not equivalent to the maximization of the between-clusters deviance. In this paper a modification of the two techniques is introduced to avoid the afore mentioned weaknesses. It is shown that the two modified methods give the same results, thus merging RKM and FKM into a new methodology. It is called Factor Discriminant K-means (FDKM), because it combines Linear Discriminant Analysis and K-means. The paper examines several theoretical properties of FDKM and its performances with a simulation study. An application on real-world data is presented to show the features of FDKM.

A New Dimension Reduction Method: Factor Discriminant K-means / Vichi, Maurizio; Roberto, Rocci; Stefano Antonio, Gattone. - In: JOURNAL OF CLASSIFICATION. - ISSN 0176-4268. - STAMPA. - 28:2(2011), pp. 210-226. [10.1007/s00357-011-9085-9]

A New Dimension Reduction Method: Factor Discriminant K-means

VICHI, Maurizio;ROCCI, Roberto
2011

Abstract

Reduced K-means (RKM) and Factorial K-means (FKM) are two data reduction techniques incorporating principal component analysis and K-means into a unified methodology to obtain a reduced set of components for variables and an optimal partition for objects. RKM finds clusters in a reduced space by maximizing the between-clusters deviance without imposing any condition on the within-clusters deviance, so that clusters are isolated but they might be heterogeneous. On the other hand, FKM identifies clusters in a reduced space by minimizing the within-clusters deviance without imposing any condition on the between-clusters deviance. Thus, clusters are homogeneous, but they might not be isolated. The two techniques give different results because the total deviance in the reduced space for the two methodologies is not constant; hence the minimization of the within-clusters deviance is not equivalent to the maximization of the between-clusters deviance. In this paper a modification of the two techniques is introduced to avoid the afore mentioned weaknesses. It is shown that the two modified methods give the same results, thus merging RKM and FKM into a new methodology. It is called Factor Discriminant K-means (FDKM), because it combines Linear Discriminant Analysis and K-means. The paper examines several theoretical properties of FDKM and its performances with a simulation study. An application on real-world data is presented to show the features of FDKM.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/377467
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