An acidic surface variant (ASV) of the "truncated" hemoglobin from Thermobifida fusca was designed with the aim of creating a versatile globin scaffold endowed with thermostability and a high level of recombinant expression in its soluble form while keeping the active site unmodified. This engineered protein was obtained by mutating the surface-exposed residues Phe107 and Arg91 to Glu. Molecular dynamics simulations showed that the mutated residues remain solvent-exposed, not affecting the overall protein structure. Thus, the ASV was used in a combinatorial mutagenesis of the distal heme pocket residues in which one, two, or three of the conserved polar residues [TyrB10(54), TyrCD1(67), and TrpG8(119)] were substituted with Phe. Mutants were characterized by infrared and resonance Raman spectroscopy and compared with the wild-type protein. Similar Fe-proximal His stretching frequencies suggest that none of the mutations alters the proximal side of the heme cavity. Two conformers were observed in the spectra of the CO complexes of both wild-type and ASV protein: form 1 with nu(FeC) and nu(CO) at 509 and 1938 cm(-1) and form 2 with nu(FeC) and nu(CO) at 518 and 1920 cm(-1), respectively. Molecular dynamics simulations were performed for the wild-type and ASV forms, as well as for the TyrB10 mutant. The spectroscopic and computational results demonstrate that CO interacts with TrpG8 in form 1 and interacts with both TrpG8 and TyrCD1 in form 2. TyrB10 does not directly interact with the bound CO.

Heme Pocket Structural Properties of a Bacterial Truncated Hemoglobin from Thermobifida fusca / Enrica, Droghetti; Francesco Paolo, Nicoletti; Bonamore, Alessandra; Leonardo, Boechi; Pau Arroyo, Manez; Dario A., Estrin; Boffi, Alberto; Giulietta, Smulevich; Alessandro, Feis. - In: BIOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0006-2960. - 49:49(2010), pp. 10394-10402. [10.1021/bi101452k]

Heme Pocket Structural Properties of a Bacterial Truncated Hemoglobin from Thermobifida fusca

BONAMORE, ALESSANDRA;BOFFI, Alberto;
2010

Abstract

An acidic surface variant (ASV) of the "truncated" hemoglobin from Thermobifida fusca was designed with the aim of creating a versatile globin scaffold endowed with thermostability and a high level of recombinant expression in its soluble form while keeping the active site unmodified. This engineered protein was obtained by mutating the surface-exposed residues Phe107 and Arg91 to Glu. Molecular dynamics simulations showed that the mutated residues remain solvent-exposed, not affecting the overall protein structure. Thus, the ASV was used in a combinatorial mutagenesis of the distal heme pocket residues in which one, two, or three of the conserved polar residues [TyrB10(54), TyrCD1(67), and TrpG8(119)] were substituted with Phe. Mutants were characterized by infrared and resonance Raman spectroscopy and compared with the wild-type protein. Similar Fe-proximal His stretching frequencies suggest that none of the mutations alters the proximal side of the heme cavity. Two conformers were observed in the spectra of the CO complexes of both wild-type and ASV protein: form 1 with nu(FeC) and nu(CO) at 509 and 1938 cm(-1) and form 2 with nu(FeC) and nu(CO) at 518 and 1920 cm(-1), respectively. Molecular dynamics simulations were performed for the wild-type and ASV forms, as well as for the TyrB10 mutant. The spectroscopic and computational results demonstrate that CO interacts with TrpG8 in form 1 and interacts with both TrpG8 and TyrCD1 in form 2. TyrB10 does not directly interact with the bound CO.
2010
bacillus-subtilis; distal site; horseradish-peroxidase; hydrogen-bond network; ligand-binding properties; molecular-dynamics; mycobacterium-tuberculosis; oxygen-affinity; protein interactions; resonance raman-spectra
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Heme Pocket Structural Properties of a Bacterial Truncated Hemoglobin from Thermobifida fusca / Enrica, Droghetti; Francesco Paolo, Nicoletti; Bonamore, Alessandra; Leonardo, Boechi; Pau Arroyo, Manez; Dario A., Estrin; Boffi, Alberto; Giulietta, Smulevich; Alessandro, Feis. - In: BIOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0006-2960. - 49:49(2010), pp. 10394-10402. [10.1021/bi101452k]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/377080
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