Background: Various studies have reported a close correlation between real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) and cine magnetic resonance imaging studies for the assessment of cardiac volumes and mass. Objective: The aim of our study was to evaluate changes in left ventricular volumes and mass in subjects with different pathophysiological conditions. A ratio between left ventricular mass and end-diastolic volume (LVRI), detected by RT3DE, was used to describe various patterns of left ventricular remodelling. Methods: RT3DE was performed to calculate left ventricular end-diastolic (LVEDV) and end-systolic volume (LVESV), ejection fraction (LVEF) and mass in 220 selected subjects. Of these, 152 were healthy volunteers, 19 top-level rowers, 23 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy and 26 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Off-line analysis was performed by two independent operators by tracing manual endocardial and epicardial borders of the left ventricle through eight cutting planes. Inter- and intra-observer variability were calculated. Results: Despite the increase in LV volume and mass in the rowers, LVRI remained unchanged compared with control subjects (p = 0.455), while significantly lower values were found patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (p,0.001) and significantly higher values in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (p,0.001). There was inter- and intra-observer variability. Conclusion: The LVRI may serve as a simple and useful indicator of left ventricular adaptation to physiological and pathological conditions.
Left Ventricular Remodelling Index ( LVRI) in various pathophysiological conditions: real-time three dimensional echocardiographic study / DE CASTRO, Stefano; Caselli, Stefano; Maron, M; Pelliccia, A; Cavarretta, Elena; Maddukuri, P; Cartoni, D; DI ANGELANTONIO, E; Kuvin, Jt; Patel, Ar; Pandian, Ng. - In: HEART. - ISSN 1355-6037. - STAMPA. - 93:2(2007), pp. 205-209. [10.1136/hrt.2006.093997]