Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is involved in blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption in active multiple sclerosis (MS), while MMP-2 seems to be associated with the chronic progressive phase of the disease. Recombinant interferon beta-la (rIFN beta-1a) is effective in restoring the BBB. We studied the relationships between serum MMP-9, MMP-2, TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 and different magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measures of disease activity in MS patients during treatment with rIFN beta-Ia. Twenty-one relapsing-remitting (RR) MS patients underwent longitudinally simultaneous blood withdrawals and MRI (before and after standard dose (SD) and triple dose (TD) of gadolinium (Gd)) examinations before and during 48 weeks of rIFN beta-Ia (Rebif(R) 22 mcg three times a week) treatment. Serum MMP-9, MMP-2, TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 were measured, MMP-9 to TIMP-1 and MMP-2 to TIMP-2 ratios were calculated and the numbers of Gd-SD, Gd-TD, new-Gd-SD, new-Gd-TD and new-T2 lesions counted. Serum MMP-9/TIMP-1 ratio (P<0.0001), as well as the numbers of 'active' lesions (P ranging from 0.0004 to 0.005) decreased during treatment. Moreover, serum MMP-9/TIMP-1 ratio proved to be a good positive predictor (estimate =0.85; P<0.05) of the numbers of MRI Gd-TD active lesions. These data confirm that serum MMP-9/TIMP-1 ratio may be viewed as a reliable marker and may be predictive of MRI activity in RR MS.

Serum MMP-9/TIMP-1 and MMP-2/TIMP-2 ratios in multiple sclerosis: relationships with different magnetic resonance imaging measures of disease activity during IFN-beta-1a treatment / C., Avolio; M., Filippi; C., Tortorella; M. A., Rocca; M., Ruggieri; F., Agosta; Tomassini, Valentina; Pozzilli, Carlo; S., Stecchi; P., Giaquinto; P., Livrea; M., Trojano. - In: MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS. - ISSN 1352-4585. - 11:4(2005), pp. 441-446. [10.1191/1352458505ms1193oa]

Serum MMP-9/TIMP-1 and MMP-2/TIMP-2 ratios in multiple sclerosis: relationships with different magnetic resonance imaging measures of disease activity during IFN-beta-1a treatment

TOMASSINI, VALENTINA;POZZILLI, Carlo;
2005

Abstract

Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is involved in blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption in active multiple sclerosis (MS), while MMP-2 seems to be associated with the chronic progressive phase of the disease. Recombinant interferon beta-la (rIFN beta-1a) is effective in restoring the BBB. We studied the relationships between serum MMP-9, MMP-2, TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 and different magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measures of disease activity in MS patients during treatment with rIFN beta-Ia. Twenty-one relapsing-remitting (RR) MS patients underwent longitudinally simultaneous blood withdrawals and MRI (before and after standard dose (SD) and triple dose (TD) of gadolinium (Gd)) examinations before and during 48 weeks of rIFN beta-Ia (Rebif(R) 22 mcg three times a week) treatment. Serum MMP-9, MMP-2, TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 were measured, MMP-9 to TIMP-1 and MMP-2 to TIMP-2 ratios were calculated and the numbers of Gd-SD, Gd-TD, new-Gd-SD, new-Gd-TD and new-T2 lesions counted. Serum MMP-9/TIMP-1 ratio (P<0.0001), as well as the numbers of 'active' lesions (P ranging from 0.0004 to 0.005) decreased during treatment. Moreover, serum MMP-9/TIMP-1 ratio proved to be a good positive predictor (estimate =0.85; P<0.05) of the numbers of MRI Gd-TD active lesions. These data confirm that serum MMP-9/TIMP-1 ratio may be viewed as a reliable marker and may be predictive of MRI activity in RR MS.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/364714
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