Background: An important complication of chronic liver disease is osteodystrophy, which includes osteoporosis and the much rarer osteomalacia. Both conditions are associated with significant morbidity through fractures resulting in pain, deformity, and immobility. Liver transplantation may further deteriorate bone metabolism. The aim of the present study was to investigate the frequency and severity of hepatic osteodystrophy among patients with liver cirrhosis who were referred for liver transplantation. We also evaluated modifications in bone metabolism after liver transplantation. Materials and methods: We recruited 35 consecutive patients with chronic liver disease who were undergoing assessment for transplantation over a 1-year period. Bone mass in the total skeleton and proximal hip was evaluated using a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry device (Lunar Prodigy Advance, GE Healthcare, USA). According to World Health Organization recommendations, osteoporosis was defined as a T score < -2.5 and osteopenia as T score between -1 and -2.5. Results: We enrolled in the study 35 patients, including 8 females and 27 males of overall mean age of 57 ± 7, who showed a viral etiology (57%) or alcohol etiology (28%), Child-Pugh 8.7 ± 2.3. The overall prevalence of osteodystrophy was 40% (26% osteopenia and 14% osteoporosis). No difference was evident according to gender, severity of liver disease (Child-Pugh, Model for End-stage Liver Disease), or origin of liver disease. A subgroup of 10 transplanted patients reached 3-month follow-up, showing total body T score with a significant decrease after 3 months while femoral T scores tended to decrease insignificantly. Conclusions: This study revealed a high prevalence of low bone mineral density among cirrhotic patients before liver transplantation. We suggest that both bone mineral density and biochemical examinations should be considered to be routine tests to identify the status of bone mass and bone metabolism among recipients prior to liver transplantation. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Bone Disorders in Patients With Chronic Liver Disease Awaiting Liver Transplantation / I., Loria; Albanese, CARLINA VENERANDA; Giusto, Michela; P. A., Galtieri; Giannelli, Valerio; C., Lucidi; S., Di Menna; C., Pirazzi; GINANNI CORRADINI, Stefano; S. G., Corradini; Mennini, Gianluca; Rossi, Massimo; Berloco, Pasquale Bartolomeo; Merli, Manuela. - In: TRANSPLANTATION PROCEEDINGS. - ISSN 0041-1345. - STAMPA. - 42:(2010), pp. 1191-1193. [10.1016/j.transproceed.2010.03.096]

Bone Disorders in Patients With Chronic Liver Disease Awaiting Liver Transplantation

ALBANESE, CARLINA VENERANDA;GIUSTO, MICHELA;GIANNELLI, VALERIO;GINANNI CORRADINI, Stefano;MENNINI, Gianluca;ROSSI, MASSIMO;BERLOCO, Pasquale Bartolomeo;MERLI, Manuela
2010

Abstract

Background: An important complication of chronic liver disease is osteodystrophy, which includes osteoporosis and the much rarer osteomalacia. Both conditions are associated with significant morbidity through fractures resulting in pain, deformity, and immobility. Liver transplantation may further deteriorate bone metabolism. The aim of the present study was to investigate the frequency and severity of hepatic osteodystrophy among patients with liver cirrhosis who were referred for liver transplantation. We also evaluated modifications in bone metabolism after liver transplantation. Materials and methods: We recruited 35 consecutive patients with chronic liver disease who were undergoing assessment for transplantation over a 1-year period. Bone mass in the total skeleton and proximal hip was evaluated using a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry device (Lunar Prodigy Advance, GE Healthcare, USA). According to World Health Organization recommendations, osteoporosis was defined as a T score < -2.5 and osteopenia as T score between -1 and -2.5. Results: We enrolled in the study 35 patients, including 8 females and 27 males of overall mean age of 57 ± 7, who showed a viral etiology (57%) or alcohol etiology (28%), Child-Pugh 8.7 ± 2.3. The overall prevalence of osteodystrophy was 40% (26% osteopenia and 14% osteoporosis). No difference was evident according to gender, severity of liver disease (Child-Pugh, Model for End-stage Liver Disease), or origin of liver disease. A subgroup of 10 transplanted patients reached 3-month follow-up, showing total body T score with a significant decrease after 3 months while femoral T scores tended to decrease insignificantly. Conclusions: This study revealed a high prevalence of low bone mineral density among cirrhotic patients before liver transplantation. We suggest that both bone mineral density and biochemical examinations should be considered to be routine tests to identify the status of bone mass and bone metabolism among recipients prior to liver transplantation. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
osteoporosis, liver trnsplantation, chronic liver disease
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Bone Disorders in Patients With Chronic Liver Disease Awaiting Liver Transplantation / I., Loria; Albanese, CARLINA VENERANDA; Giusto, Michela; P. A., Galtieri; Giannelli, Valerio; C., Lucidi; S., Di Menna; C., Pirazzi; GINANNI CORRADINI, Stefano; S. G., Corradini; Mennini, Gianluca; Rossi, Massimo; Berloco, Pasquale Bartolomeo; Merli, Manuela. - In: TRANSPLANTATION PROCEEDINGS. - ISSN 0041-1345. - STAMPA. - 42:(2010), pp. 1191-1193. [10.1016/j.transproceed.2010.03.096]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/364261
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