Background: There have been no quantitative standards for volumetric and surface measurements of the mandibular condyle in Caucasian population. However, the recently developed cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) system allows measurement of these parameters with high accuracy.Methods: CBCT was used to measure the condylar volume, surface and the volume to surface ratio, called the Morphometric Index (MI), of 300 temporo-mandibular joints (TMJ) in 150 Caucasian young adult subjects, with varied malocclusions, without pain or dysfunction of TMJs.Results: The condylar volume was 691.26 ± 54.52 mm3in males and 669.65 ± 58.80 mm3in, and was significantly higher (p< 0.001) in the males. The same was observed for the condylar surface, although without statistical significance (406.02 ± 55.22 mm2in males and 394.77 ± 60.73 mm2in females).Furthermore, the condylar volume (693.61 ± 62.82 mm3) in the right TMJ was significantly higher than in the left (666.99 ± 48.67 mm3, p < 0.001) as was the condylar surface (411.24 ± 57.99 mm2in the right TMJ and 389.41 ± 56.63 mm2in the left TMJ; t = 3.29; p < 0.01). The MI is 1.72 ± 0.17 for the whole sample, with no significant difference between males and females or the right and left sides.Conclusion: These data from temporomandibular joints of patients without pain or clinical dysfunction might serve as examples of normal TMJ's in the general population not seeking orthodontic care. © 2010 Tecco et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Condylar volume and surface in Caucasian young adult subjects / Simona, Tecco; Saccucci, Matteo; Riccardo, Nucera; Polimeni, Antonella; Pagnoni, Mario; Giancarlo, Cordasco; Felice, Festa; Iannetti, Giorgio. - In: BMC MEDICAL IMAGING. - ISSN 1471-2342. - 10:1(2010), pp. 28-28. [10.1186/1471-2342-10-28]

Condylar volume and surface in Caucasian young adult subjects

SACCUCCI, MATTEO;POLIMENI, Antonella;PAGNONI, MARIO;IANNETTI, Giorgio
2010

Abstract

Background: There have been no quantitative standards for volumetric and surface measurements of the mandibular condyle in Caucasian population. However, the recently developed cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) system allows measurement of these parameters with high accuracy.Methods: CBCT was used to measure the condylar volume, surface and the volume to surface ratio, called the Morphometric Index (MI), of 300 temporo-mandibular joints (TMJ) in 150 Caucasian young adult subjects, with varied malocclusions, without pain or dysfunction of TMJs.Results: The condylar volume was 691.26 ± 54.52 mm3in males and 669.65 ± 58.80 mm3in, and was significantly higher (p< 0.001) in the males. The same was observed for the condylar surface, although without statistical significance (406.02 ± 55.22 mm2in males and 394.77 ± 60.73 mm2in females).Furthermore, the condylar volume (693.61 ± 62.82 mm3) in the right TMJ was significantly higher than in the left (666.99 ± 48.67 mm3, p < 0.001) as was the condylar surface (411.24 ± 57.99 mm2in the right TMJ and 389.41 ± 56.63 mm2in the left TMJ; t = 3.29; p < 0.01). The MI is 1.72 ± 0.17 for the whole sample, with no significant difference between males and females or the right and left sides.Conclusion: These data from temporomandibular joints of patients without pain or clinical dysfunction might serve as examples of normal TMJ's in the general population not seeking orthodontic care. © 2010 Tecco et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/363310
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