BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common cause of hospitalization and mortality in many industrialized countries. We analysed the diagnostic accuracy of multi-detector row spiral computed tomography (MDCT) in determining mid- to high-grade coronary artery stenoses (> 50%). METHODS: Sixty-nine patients with suspected CAD were referred to MDCT coronary angiography. Patients with a heart rate above 60 bpm received 20-40 mg propranol before the scan. The left main (LM), the left anterior descending artery (LAD), the first diagonal branch (D1), the right coronary artery (RCA) and the proximal tract of the circumflex artery (LCX) were independently evaluated by two blinded observers and screened for > 50% stenoses. The mean values of MDCT coronary narrowings assessed by two observers were compared to quantitative coronary angiography. RESULTS: MDCT correctly detected 95 of 123 coronary lesions (sensitivity 77.2%) and absence of stenoses was correctly identified in 388 of 426 segments (specificity 91%). The sensitivity for the LM, LAD, RCA and the proximal tract of LCX was 100%, 86.5%, 69.8% and 80% respectively. Classification of patients as having 1-vessel, 2-vessels, 3-vessels or left main disease was accurate in 75.4% (46/61) of patients. CONCLUSIONS: MDCT technology, combined with heart rate control, allows reliable noninvasive detection of hemodynamically significant CAD.

Noninvasive assessment of coronary artery stenoses by multidetector-row spiral computed tomography: Comparison with conventional angiography / Gaudio, Carlo; F., Mirabelli; L., Alessandra; Nguyen, BICH LIEN; S., Di Michele; F., Corsi; Tanzilli, Gaetano; Mancone, Massimo; Pannarale, Giuseppe; Francone, Marco; Carbone, Iacopo; Catalano, Carlo; Passariello, Roberto; Fedele, Francesco. - In: EUROPEAN REVIEW FOR MEDICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL SCIENCES. - ISSN 1128-3602. - STAMPA. - 9:1(2005), pp. 13-21.

Noninvasive assessment of coronary artery stenoses by multidetector-row spiral computed tomography: Comparison with conventional angiography

GAUDIO, Carlo;NGUYEN, BICH LIEN;TANZILLI, Gaetano;MANCONE, Massimo;PANNARALE, Giuseppe;FRANCONE, MARCO;CARBONE, IACOPO;CATALANO, Carlo;PASSARIELLO, Roberto;FEDELE, Francesco
2005

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common cause of hospitalization and mortality in many industrialized countries. We analysed the diagnostic accuracy of multi-detector row spiral computed tomography (MDCT) in determining mid- to high-grade coronary artery stenoses (> 50%). METHODS: Sixty-nine patients with suspected CAD were referred to MDCT coronary angiography. Patients with a heart rate above 60 bpm received 20-40 mg propranol before the scan. The left main (LM), the left anterior descending artery (LAD), the first diagonal branch (D1), the right coronary artery (RCA) and the proximal tract of the circumflex artery (LCX) were independently evaluated by two blinded observers and screened for > 50% stenoses. The mean values of MDCT coronary narrowings assessed by two observers were compared to quantitative coronary angiography. RESULTS: MDCT correctly detected 95 of 123 coronary lesions (sensitivity 77.2%) and absence of stenoses was correctly identified in 388 of 426 segments (specificity 91%). The sensitivity for the LM, LAD, RCA and the proximal tract of LCX was 100%, 86.5%, 69.8% and 80% respectively. Classification of patients as having 1-vessel, 2-vessels, 3-vessels or left main disease was accurate in 75.4% (46/61) of patients. CONCLUSIONS: MDCT technology, combined with heart rate control, allows reliable noninvasive detection of hemodynamically significant CAD.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/362523
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