This paper deals with the backflashover phenomenon in HV overhead transmission lines (TLs) with towers grounded by means of long counterpoises, typically used in high resistivity soils. Although long counterpoises are effective in reducing the grounding impedance at power frequency, their impulse response may affect negatively the TL backflashover rate. The study is focused on the enhancement of TL lightning performance obtainable by adding a small number of vertical grounding rods to horizontal counterpoises. An extensive ATP-EMTP parametric analysis, based on a detailed 161 kVTL model including the leader progression model (LPM) of line insulations and the non-linear transient behaviour of grounding systems, has been carried out taking into account several different values of soil resistivity as well as varying numbers, locations and lengths of additional vertical rods. Critical lightning current ranges causing backflashover have been then predicted for several lightning waveforms, of different severity. The paper shows that the addition of a few vertical grounding rods significantly improves TL lightning performance by increasing critical lightning current values. even if their influence is negligible at power frequency. The authors have ascertained an increment of average critical backflashover current up to similar to 55% for some typical TL grounding system configurations and lightning waveshapes. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Backflashover simulation of HV transmission lines with enhanced counterpoise groundings / Gatta, Fabio Massimo; Geri, Alberto; Lauria, Stefano; Maccioni, Marco. - In: ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEMS RESEARCH. - ISSN 0378-7796. - STAMPA. - 79:7(2009), pp. 1076-1084. [10.1016/j.epsr.2009.01.008]

Backflashover simulation of HV transmission lines with enhanced counterpoise groundings

GATTA, Fabio Massimo;GERI, Alberto;LAURIA, Stefano;MACCIONI, Marco
2009

Abstract

This paper deals with the backflashover phenomenon in HV overhead transmission lines (TLs) with towers grounded by means of long counterpoises, typically used in high resistivity soils. Although long counterpoises are effective in reducing the grounding impedance at power frequency, their impulse response may affect negatively the TL backflashover rate. The study is focused on the enhancement of TL lightning performance obtainable by adding a small number of vertical grounding rods to horizontal counterpoises. An extensive ATP-EMTP parametric analysis, based on a detailed 161 kVTL model including the leader progression model (LPM) of line insulations and the non-linear transient behaviour of grounding systems, has been carried out taking into account several different values of soil resistivity as well as varying numbers, locations and lengths of additional vertical rods. Critical lightning current ranges causing backflashover have been then predicted for several lightning waveforms, of different severity. The paper shows that the addition of a few vertical grounding rods significantly improves TL lightning performance by increasing critical lightning current values. even if their influence is negligible at power frequency. The authors have ascertained an increment of average critical backflashover current up to similar to 55% for some typical TL grounding system configurations and lightning waveshapes. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
backflashover; lightning; soil ionization; tower groundings; transmission line
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Backflashover simulation of HV transmission lines with enhanced counterpoise groundings / Gatta, Fabio Massimo; Geri, Alberto; Lauria, Stefano; Maccioni, Marco. - In: ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEMS RESEARCH. - ISSN 0378-7796. - STAMPA. - 79:7(2009), pp. 1076-1084. [10.1016/j.epsr.2009.01.008]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/361299
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