Introduction: There is emerging evidence of a considerable variability of the impact of aspirin on clinical outcome and laboratory findings. Persistent TxA2 production seems to be the most likely reason. Aim of this study was to determine whether the mechanism responsible for TxA2 persistent production is, at least partially, dependent upon aspirin-insensitive platelet COX-2 enzymatic pathway. Methods and results: In 100 consecutive patients, under chronic aspirin anti-platelet treatment (100-160 mg/day) selected on the basis of detectable plasma salicylate levels, serum and Arachidonic Acid (AA)-induced platelet TxA2 production, immunoblot analysis of platelet COX-1/COX-2 expression and COX-2 activity were studied. Immunoblot revealed COX-2 expression in 46% patients, in an amount that was markedly lower than COX-1. In 10 COX-2 positive patients with TxA2 levels over the median, AA-induced TxA2 production performed in vitro in the presence of the COX-2 inhibitor CAY10404 and aspirin demonstrated that COX-2 dependent TxA2 production is less than 2%. Conclusion: Our data demonstrate that the inter-individual variability of platelet sensitivity to aspirin is due to a reduced efficacy of aspirin on platelet COX-1 despite ascertained patient compliance. We suggest that serum TxA2 assay might be performed in future clinical studies to improve our knowledge on the residual TxA2 production in aspirin-treated patients. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Lack of biological relevance of platelet cyclooxygenase-2 dependent thromboxane A2 production / Silvia, Riondino; Trifirò, Elisabetta; Lorenzo, Principessa; Silvia, Mascioletti; DI RENZO, Livia Maria; Gaudio, Carlo; Luigi M., Biasucci; Filippo, Crea; Pulcinelli, FABIO MARIA. - In: THROMBOSIS RESEARCH. - ISSN 0049-3848. - STAMPA. - 122:3(2008), pp. 359-365. [10.1016/j.thromres.2007.12.011]

Lack of biological relevance of platelet cyclooxygenase-2 dependent thromboxane A2 production

TRIFIRÒ, Elisabetta;DI RENZO, Livia Maria;GAUDIO, Carlo;PULCINELLI, FABIO MARIA
2008

Abstract

Introduction: There is emerging evidence of a considerable variability of the impact of aspirin on clinical outcome and laboratory findings. Persistent TxA2 production seems to be the most likely reason. Aim of this study was to determine whether the mechanism responsible for TxA2 persistent production is, at least partially, dependent upon aspirin-insensitive platelet COX-2 enzymatic pathway. Methods and results: In 100 consecutive patients, under chronic aspirin anti-platelet treatment (100-160 mg/day) selected on the basis of detectable plasma salicylate levels, serum and Arachidonic Acid (AA)-induced platelet TxA2 production, immunoblot analysis of platelet COX-1/COX-2 expression and COX-2 activity were studied. Immunoblot revealed COX-2 expression in 46% patients, in an amount that was markedly lower than COX-1. In 10 COX-2 positive patients with TxA2 levels over the median, AA-induced TxA2 production performed in vitro in the presence of the COX-2 inhibitor CAY10404 and aspirin demonstrated that COX-2 dependent TxA2 production is less than 2%. Conclusion: Our data demonstrate that the inter-individual variability of platelet sensitivity to aspirin is due to a reduced efficacy of aspirin on platelet COX-1 despite ascertained patient compliance. We suggest that serum TxA2 assay might be performed in future clinical studies to improve our knowledge on the residual TxA2 production in aspirin-treated patients. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/360591
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