The solar electric propulsion system could be the best option for the transports of the future due to its high specific impulse when compared to the chemical propulsion. Electric propellants are being extensively used to assist the propulsion of terrestrial satellites for the maneuvers of orbital corrections and as primary propulsion in missions toward other bodies of the solar system. In this work the optimization of interplanetary missions using solar electric propulsion (SEP) and Gravity Assisted Maneuver to reduce the costs of the mission is considered. The high specific impulse of electric propulsion makes a Gravity Assisted Maneuver 1 year after departure convenient. Missions for several Near Earth Asteroids will be considered. The analysis suggests criteria for the definition of initial solutions demanded for the process of optimization of trajectories. Trajectories to the asteroid 2002TC70 are analyzed. Direct trajectories, trajectories with 1 gravity assist at the Earth and with 2 gravity assist with the Earth and either Mars are presented. Shall be analyzed missions with thrusters PPS1350 and the Phall 1 for performance comparison. An indirect optimization method will be used in the simulations.
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|Titolo:||Optimal Trajectories towards Near-Earth-Objects Using Solar Electric Propulsion (SEP) and Gravity Assisted Maneuver|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|