The consistent problem of the CO2 emissions and the necessity to find new energy sources, are motivating the scientific research to use high efficiency electric energy production's technologies that could exploit renewable energy sources too. The molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) due to its high efficiencies and low emissions seems a valid alternative to the traditional plant. Moreover, the high operating temperature and pressure give the possibility to use a turbine at the bottom of the cells to produce further energy, increasing therefore the plant's efficiencies. The basic idea using this two kind of technologies (MCFC and microturbine), is to recover, via the microturbine, the necessary power for the compressor, that otherwise would remove a consistent part of the MCFC power generated. The purpose of this work is to develop the necessary models to analyze different plant configurations. In particular, it was studied a plant composed of a MCFC 500kW Ansaldo at the top of a microturbine 100kW Turbec. To study this plant it was necessary to develop: (i) MCFC mathematical model, that starting from the geometrical and thermofluidodynamic parameter of the cell, analyze the electrochemical reaction and shift reaction that take part in it; (ii) plate reformer model, a particular compact reformer that exploit the heat obtained by a catalytic combustion of the anode and part of cathode exhausts to reform methane and steam; and (iii) microturbine-compressor model that describe the efficiency and pressure ratio of the two machines as a function of the mass flow and rotational regime. The models developed was developed in Fortran language and interfaced in Chemcad((c)) to analyze the power plant thermodynamic behavior. The results show a possible plant configuration with high electrical and global efficiency (over 50 and 74%). (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
MCFC and microturbine power plant simulation / Orecchini, Fabio; Bocci, Enrico; DI CARLO, Andrea. - In: JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES. - ISSN 0378-7753. - 160:2 SPEC. ISS.(2006), pp. 835-841. ((Intervento presentato al convegno International Workshop on Molten Carbonate Fuels Cells and Related Science and Technology tenutosi a Toulouse, FRANCE nel AUG 29-31, 2005.
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|Titolo:||MCFC and microturbine power plant simulation|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Citazione:||MCFC and microturbine power plant simulation / Orecchini, Fabio; Bocci, Enrico; DI CARLO, Andrea. - In: JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES. - ISSN 0378-7753. - 160:2 SPEC. ISS.(2006), pp. 835-841. ((Intervento presentato al convegno International Workshop on Molten Carbonate Fuels Cells and Related Science and Technology tenutosi a Toulouse, FRANCE nel AUG 29-31, 2005.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|