The mRNA levels of NKCC1, an inwardly directed Na+, K+-2Cl(-) cotransporter that facilitates the accumulation of intracellular Cl-, and of KCC2, an outwardly directed K+-Cl- cotransporter that extrudes Cl-, were studied in surgically resected brain specimens from drug-resistant temporal lobe (TL) epilepsy (TLE) patients. Quantitative RT-PCR analyses of the mRNAs extracted from the human TLE-associated brain regions revealed an up-regulation of NKCC1 mRNA and a down-regulation of KCC2 mRNA in the hippocampal subiculum, compared with the hippocampus proper or the TL neocortex, suggesting an abnormal transcription of Cl- transporters in the TLE subiculum. In parallel experiments, cell membranes isolated from the same TLE-associated brain regions were injected into Xenopus oocytes that rapidly incorporated human GABA(A) receptors into their surface membrane. The GABA currents elicited in oocytes injected with membranes from the subiculum had a more depolarized reversal potential (E-GABA) compared with the hippocampus proper or the neocortex. The NKCC1 blocker bumetanicle or a temperature decrease of 10 degrees C shifted the GABA-current EGABA more negative in oocytes injected with membranes from TLE hippocampal subiculum, matching the EGABA of TL neocortex-injected oocytes. We conclude that the anomalous expression of both Cl- transporters, KCC1 and NKCC2, in TLE hippocampal subiculum probably causes altered Cl- transport in the "epileptic" neurons, as revealed in the microtransplanted Xenopus oocytes, and renders GABA aberrantly "exciting," a feature that may contribute to the precipitation of epileptic seizures.

Anomalous levels of Cl- transporters in the hippocampal subiculum from temporal lobe epilepsy patients make GABA excitatory / Palma, Eleonora; M., Amici; F., Sobrero; G., Spinelli; DI ANGELANTONIO, Silvia; Ragozzino, Davide Antonio; A., Mascia; Scoppetta, Ciriaco; Esposito, Vincenzo; R., Miledi; Eusebi, Fabrizio. - In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. - ISSN 0027-8424. - 103:22(2006), pp. 8465-8468. [10.1073/pnas.0602979103]

Anomalous levels of Cl- transporters in the hippocampal subiculum from temporal lobe epilepsy patients make GABA excitatory

PALMA, Eleonora;DI ANGELANTONIO, SILVIA;RAGOZZINO, Davide Antonio;SCOPPETTA, Ciriaco;ESPOSITO, Vincenzo;EUSEBI, Fabrizio
2006

Abstract

The mRNA levels of NKCC1, an inwardly directed Na+, K+-2Cl(-) cotransporter that facilitates the accumulation of intracellular Cl-, and of KCC2, an outwardly directed K+-Cl- cotransporter that extrudes Cl-, were studied in surgically resected brain specimens from drug-resistant temporal lobe (TL) epilepsy (TLE) patients. Quantitative RT-PCR analyses of the mRNAs extracted from the human TLE-associated brain regions revealed an up-regulation of NKCC1 mRNA and a down-regulation of KCC2 mRNA in the hippocampal subiculum, compared with the hippocampus proper or the TL neocortex, suggesting an abnormal transcription of Cl- transporters in the TLE subiculum. In parallel experiments, cell membranes isolated from the same TLE-associated brain regions were injected into Xenopus oocytes that rapidly incorporated human GABA(A) receptors into their surface membrane. The GABA currents elicited in oocytes injected with membranes from the subiculum had a more depolarized reversal potential (E-GABA) compared with the hippocampus proper or the neocortex. The NKCC1 blocker bumetanicle or a temperature decrease of 10 degrees C shifted the GABA-current EGABA more negative in oocytes injected with membranes from TLE hippocampal subiculum, matching the EGABA of TL neocortex-injected oocytes. We conclude that the anomalous expression of both Cl- transporters, KCC1 and NKCC2, in TLE hippocampal subiculum probably causes altered Cl- transport in the "epileptic" neurons, as revealed in the microtransplanted Xenopus oocytes, and renders GABA aberrantly "exciting," a feature that may contribute to the precipitation of epileptic seizures.
File allegati a questo prodotto
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/360007
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 102
  • Scopus 217
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 210
social impact