The clinical history of patients with heart failure (HF) is complicated by arterial thromboembolism. Platelet activation is reported in this population, but the underlying mechanism has not been clarified. Forty-two patients with HF scored according to New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification had higher levels of collagen-induced platelet aggregation, platelet tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) receptor expression, and serum thromboxane B-2 and higher circulating levels of TNF-alpha than 20 healthy subjects. Coincubation of platelets from HF patients with an inhibitor of TNF-alpha receptors significantly reduced collagen-induced platelet aggregation. In vitro study demonstrated that TNF-alpha amplified the platelet response to collagen; this effect was inhibited by TNF-alpha receptor antagonist and inhibitors of arachidonic acid metabolism. This study showed that TNF-alpha behaves as a trigger of platelet activation through stimulation of the arachidonic acid pathway.
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|Titolo:||Tumor necrosis factor-alpha as trigger of platelet activation in patients with heart failure|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|