SUMMARY. Thea-defensin genes promoter regions contain a putative nuclear factors of activated T cells (NFAT)-binding site and it is known that hepatitis C virus (HCV) core protein activates the interleukin (IL)-2 gene transcription through the NFAT pathway. The aims of this study were to investigate if HCV affects thea-defensin expression in peripheral human mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and to evaluate the existence of a correlation between a-defensins and liver damage in patients with chronic hepatitis C. Ninety patients with chronic hepatitis C, 30 with chronic hepatitis B and 25 healthy controls were enrolled.a-Defensins were identified and quantified in PBMCs by mass spectrometry, enzymelinked immunosorbent assay, antibacterial activity and mRNA levels. PBMCs from three patients and controls were stimulated with HCV core protein, hepatitis B virus core antigen and thea-defensin mRNAs level was quantified. We found that HCV core protein activates in vitro thea-defensin transcription. a-Defensin levels in patients with chronic hepatitis C (mean ± SD¼ 1.103 ± 0.765 ng/10 6 cells), chronic hepatitis B (0.53 ± 0.15) and healthy controls(0.217 ± 0.09) resulted signi?cantly different (P < 0.001). In patients with chronich epatitis C,thea-defensin levels and antibacterial activity correlate with the liver fibrosis. Our data suggest that HCV inducesa-defensin expression. The high linear correlation ofa-defensin levels with advancing fibrosis makes the measure of these peptides a reliable marker to evaluate fibrosis stage.

Alpha-defensin increase in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with hepatitis C virus chronic infection / Aceti, Antonio; Mangoni, Maria Luisa; Pasquazzi, Caterina; Fiocco, D; Marangi, Massimo; Miele, Rossella; Zechini, B; Borro, Marina; Versace, I; Simmaco, Maurizio. - In: JOURNAL OF VIRAL HEPATITIS. - ISSN 1352-0504. - STAMPA. - 13 (12):(2006), pp. 821-827. [10.1111/j.1365-2893.2006.00762.x]

Alpha-defensin increase in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with hepatitis C virus chronic infection

ACETI, Antonio;MANGONI, Maria Luisa;PASQUAZZI, Caterina;MARANGI, Massimo;MIELE, Rossella;BORRO, Marina;SIMMACO, Maurizio
2006

Abstract

SUMMARY. Thea-defensin genes promoter regions contain a putative nuclear factors of activated T cells (NFAT)-binding site and it is known that hepatitis C virus (HCV) core protein activates the interleukin (IL)-2 gene transcription through the NFAT pathway. The aims of this study were to investigate if HCV affects thea-defensin expression in peripheral human mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and to evaluate the existence of a correlation between a-defensins and liver damage in patients with chronic hepatitis C. Ninety patients with chronic hepatitis C, 30 with chronic hepatitis B and 25 healthy controls were enrolled.a-Defensins were identified and quantified in PBMCs by mass spectrometry, enzymelinked immunosorbent assay, antibacterial activity and mRNA levels. PBMCs from three patients and controls were stimulated with HCV core protein, hepatitis B virus core antigen and thea-defensin mRNAs level was quantified. We found that HCV core protein activates in vitro thea-defensin transcription. a-Defensin levels in patients with chronic hepatitis C (mean ± SD¼ 1.103 ± 0.765 ng/10 6 cells), chronic hepatitis B (0.53 ± 0.15) and healthy controls(0.217 ± 0.09) resulted signi?cantly different (P < 0.001). In patients with chronich epatitis C,thea-defensin levels and antibacterial activity correlate with the liver fibrosis. Our data suggest that HCV inducesa-defensin expression. The high linear correlation ofa-defensin levels with advancing fibrosis makes the measure of these peptides a reliable marker to evaluate fibrosis stage.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/357940
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