Objective—Modified lipoproteins, particularly oxidized LDLs, are believed to evoke an inflammatory response which participates in all stages of atherosclerosis. Disposal of these particles is mediated through receptors which may trigger proinflammatory signaling pathways leading to vascular injury. This study was aimed at assessing the role in atherogenesis of one of these receptors, galectin-3. Methods and Results—Galectin-3– deficient and wild-type mice were fed an atherogenic diet or standard chow for 8 months. Lesion area and length were higher in galectin-3– deficient versus wild-type mice. At the level of the aortic sinus, wild-type animals showed only fatty streaks, whereas galectin-3– deficient mice developed complex lesions, associated with extensive inflammatory changes. This was indicated by the presence of T lymphocytes with activated Th1-phenotype and by more marked monocyte-macrophage infiltration, inflammatory mediator expression, vascular cell apoptosis, and proinflammatory transcription factor activation. Increased accumulation of oxidixed LDLs and lipoxidation products and upregulation of other receptors for these compounds, including the proinflammatory RAGE, were detected in galectin-3– deficient versus wild-type mice. Conclusions—These data suggest a unique protective role for galectin-3 in the uptake and effective removal of modified lipoproteins, with concurrent downregulation of proinflammatory pathways responsible for atherosclerosis initiation and progression.

Accelerated Lipid-Induced Atherogenesis in Galectin-3-Deficient Mice. Role of Lipoxidation via Receptor-Mediated Mechanisms / Iacobini, Carla; Menini, Stefano; Ricci, Carlo; Scipioni, A; Sansoni, V; Cordone, Samantha; Taurino, Maurizio; Serino, M; Marano, G; Federici, M; Pricci, F; Pugliese, Giuseppe. - In: ARTERIOSCLEROSIS, THROMBOSIS, AND VASCULAR BIOLOGY. - ISSN 1079-5642. - 29:6(2009), pp. 831-836. [10.1161/ATVBAHA.109.186791]

Accelerated Lipid-Induced Atherogenesis in Galectin-3-Deficient Mice. Role of Lipoxidation via Receptor-Mediated Mechanisms

IACOBINI, carla
Co-primo
;
MENINI, Stefano
Co-primo
;
RICCI, Carlo;CORDONE, Samantha;TAURINO, Maurizio;PUGLIESE, Giuseppe
2009

Abstract

Objective—Modified lipoproteins, particularly oxidized LDLs, are believed to evoke an inflammatory response which participates in all stages of atherosclerosis. Disposal of these particles is mediated through receptors which may trigger proinflammatory signaling pathways leading to vascular injury. This study was aimed at assessing the role in atherogenesis of one of these receptors, galectin-3. Methods and Results—Galectin-3– deficient and wild-type mice were fed an atherogenic diet or standard chow for 8 months. Lesion area and length were higher in galectin-3– deficient versus wild-type mice. At the level of the aortic sinus, wild-type animals showed only fatty streaks, whereas galectin-3– deficient mice developed complex lesions, associated with extensive inflammatory changes. This was indicated by the presence of T lymphocytes with activated Th1-phenotype and by more marked monocyte-macrophage infiltration, inflammatory mediator expression, vascular cell apoptosis, and proinflammatory transcription factor activation. Increased accumulation of oxidixed LDLs and lipoxidation products and upregulation of other receptors for these compounds, including the proinflammatory RAGE, were detected in galectin-3– deficient versus wild-type mice. Conclusions—These data suggest a unique protective role for galectin-3 in the uptake and effective removal of modified lipoproteins, with concurrent downregulation of proinflammatory pathways responsible for atherosclerosis initiation and progression.
atherosclerosis; galectin-3; receptor for advanced glycation endproducts; oxidized LDLs
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Accelerated Lipid-Induced Atherogenesis in Galectin-3-Deficient Mice. Role of Lipoxidation via Receptor-Mediated Mechanisms / Iacobini, Carla; Menini, Stefano; Ricci, Carlo; Scipioni, A; Sansoni, V; Cordone, Samantha; Taurino, Maurizio; Serino, M; Marano, G; Federici, M; Pricci, F; Pugliese, Giuseppe. - In: ARTERIOSCLEROSIS, THROMBOSIS, AND VASCULAR BIOLOGY. - ISSN 1079-5642. - 29:6(2009), pp. 831-836. [10.1161/ATVBAHA.109.186791]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/357849
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