The elderly show a loss of both the intellectual functions and of motion ability. This happens also without particular pathologies; possible tests to highlight this loss are the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), and the Functional Reach (FR)-test. During 2004-2005 winter 50 healthy subjects were analyzed; the subjects were divided into three age-groups: from 55 to 64 years; from 65 to 74 years; over 75 years of age. The test results showed a significant decline of MMSE and FR from the first group to the other two groups, a same behavior of male and female subjects, a greater decline of physical characteristics compared to psychic characteristics. During 2008-2009 winter several subjects (34 of 50) were again analyzed, and a more accurate facility was used to measure the FR. The aim of the new test has been the exam of the cognitive conditions and of the physical performances after the 4 year follow-up. The results of the new tests confirm the previous results, both with regard to the decline of the psychophysical characteristics from the first age-group to the others but the decrease is not as significant as the previous, and with regard to the greater physical decline. What is surprising is that the decline of both the psychic and the physical characteristics concerns only the first age-group, not the other two. Maybe healthy subjects, without particular pathologies reach a stabilization of the above-mentioned characteristics; some hypothesis is given to explain what happens. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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|Titolo:||Changes of psychical and physical conditions in the elderly after a four-year follow-up|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|