This section is structured as follows: in the first sub-section a definition of the terms migrants, national minorities in the Italian context is provided (1.1). Sub-section 1.2 gives an overview of the characteristics of the migrant and Roma population in Italy. In order to understand the context for local initiatives – and the limits in which they must operate – this section also briefly describes the main elements of the Italian immigration policy. It is followed by an overview of local labour market in Italy (sub-section 1.3), and a description of the labour market and social situation of migrants’ integration into the Italian local labour market. The main problems to the integration of migrants, Roma people, and national minorities are mentioned in sub-section 1.4.
Country report on ESF measures enhancing the labour market and social inclusion of migrants and minorities in Italy. Centre for Strategy and Evaluation Services. Country report for the European Commission. Employment, Social Affairs, and Equal Opportunities. DG EMPL Evaluation and Impact Assessment Unit / Kosic, Ankica. - ELETTRONICO. - (2010), pp. 1-93.