We investigated the formation of complexes between cationic liposomes built up by DOTAP and three linear anionic polyions, with different charge density and flexibility, such as a single-stranded ssDNA, a double-stranded dsDNA and the polyacrylate sodium salt [NaPAA] of three different molecular weights. Our aim is to gain further insight into the formation mechanism of polyion-liposome aggregates of different sizes (lipoplexes), by comparing the behavior of DNA with a model polyelectrolyte, such as NaPAA, with approximately the same charge density but with a higher flexibility. We employed dynamic light scattering (DLS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) measurements, in order to explore both the hydrodynamic and structural properties of the aggregates resulting from polyion-liposome interaction and to present a comprehensive picture of the complexation process. The phenomenology can be summarized in a charge ratio-dependent scenario, where the main feature is the formation of large equilibrium clusters due to the aggregation of intact polyion-coated vesicles. At increasing polyion-liposome ratio, the size of the clusters continuously increases, reaching a maximum at a well-defined value of this ratio, and then decreases ("reentrant" condensation). The aggregation mechanism and the role of the polyion charge density in the complex formation are discussed in the light of the recent theories on the correlated adsorption of polyelectrolytes at charged interfaces. Within this framework, the phenomena of charge inversion and the reentrant condensation, peaked at the isoelectric point, finds a simple explanation.

Charge patch attraction and reentrant condensation in DNA-liposome complexes / Sennato, Simona; Bordi, Federico; Cametti, Cesare; Diociaiuti, M; Malaspina, P.. - In: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-BIOMEMBRANES. - ISSN 0005-2736. - STAMPA. - 1714:1(2005), pp. 11-24. [10.1016/j.bbamem.2005.06.004]

Charge patch attraction and reentrant condensation in DNA-liposome complexes

SENNATO, Simona;BORDI, FEDERICO;CAMETTI, Cesare;
2005

Abstract

We investigated the formation of complexes between cationic liposomes built up by DOTAP and three linear anionic polyions, with different charge density and flexibility, such as a single-stranded ssDNA, a double-stranded dsDNA and the polyacrylate sodium salt [NaPAA] of three different molecular weights. Our aim is to gain further insight into the formation mechanism of polyion-liposome aggregates of different sizes (lipoplexes), by comparing the behavior of DNA with a model polyelectrolyte, such as NaPAA, with approximately the same charge density but with a higher flexibility. We employed dynamic light scattering (DLS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) measurements, in order to explore both the hydrodynamic and structural properties of the aggregates resulting from polyion-liposome interaction and to present a comprehensive picture of the complexation process. The phenomenology can be summarized in a charge ratio-dependent scenario, where the main feature is the formation of large equilibrium clusters due to the aggregation of intact polyion-coated vesicles. At increasing polyion-liposome ratio, the size of the clusters continuously increases, reaching a maximum at a well-defined value of this ratio, and then decreases ("reentrant" condensation). The aggregation mechanism and the role of the polyion charge density in the complex formation are discussed in the light of the recent theories on the correlated adsorption of polyelectrolytes at charged interfaces. Within this framework, the phenomena of charge inversion and the reentrant condensation, peaked at the isoelectric point, finds a simple explanation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/337824
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