CONTEXT: Familial pituitary adenomas occur rarely in the absence of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) and Carney complex (CNC). OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to characterize the clinical and genealogical features of non-MEN1/CNC familial isolated pituitary adenomas (FIPA). DESIGN AND SETTING: We conducted a retrospective study of clinical and genealogical characteristics of FIPA cases and performed a comparison with a sporadic population at 22 university hospitals in Belgium, Italy, France, and The Netherlands. RESULTS: Sixty-four FIPA families including 138 affected individuals were identified [55 prolactinomas, 47 somatotropinomas, 28 nonsecreting adenomas (NS), and eight ACTH-secreting tumors]. Cases were MEN1/PRKAR1A-mutation negative. First-degree relationships predominated (75.6%) among affected individuals. A single tumor phenotype occurred in 30 families (homogeneous), and heterogeneous phenotypes occurred in 34 families. FIPA cases were younger at diagnosis than sporadic cases (P = 0.015); tumors were diagnosed earlier in the first vs. the second generation of multigenerational families. Macroadenomas were more frequent in heterogeneous vs. homogeneous FIPA families (P = 0.036). Prolactinomas from heterogeneous families were larger and had more frequent suprasellar extension (P = 0.004) than sporadic cases. Somatotropinomas occurred as isolated familial somatotropinoma cases and within heterogeneous FIPA families; isolated familial somatotropinoma cases represented 18% of FIPA cases and were younger at diagnosis than patients with sporadic somatotropinomas. Familial NS cases were younger at diagnosis (P = 0.03) and had more frequently invasive tumors (P = 0.024) than sporadic cases. CONCLUSIONS: Homogeneous and heterogeneous expression of prolactinomas, somatotropinomas, NS, and Cushing's disease can occur within families in the absence of MEN1/CNC. FIPA and sporadic cases have differing clinical characteristics. FIPA may represent a novel endocrine neoplasia classification that requires further genetic characterization.

Clinical characterization of familial isolated pituitary adenomas / Daly, Af; JAFFRAIN REA, Ml; Ciccarelli, A; VALDES SOCIN, H; Rohmer, V; Tamburrano, Guido; BORSON CHAZOT, C; Estour, B; Ciccarelli, E; Brue, T; Ferolla, P; Emy, P; Colao, A; DE MENIS, E; Lecomte, P; Penfornis, F; Delemer, B; Bertherat, J; Wemeau, Jl; DE HERDER, W; Archambeaud, F; Stevenaert, A; Calender, A; Murat, A; Cavagnini, F; Beckers, A.. - In: THE JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM. - ISSN 0021-972X. - 91(2006), pp. 3316-3323. [10.1210/jc.2005-2671]

Clinical characterization of familial isolated pituitary adenomas.

TAMBURRANO, Guido;
2006

Abstract

CONTEXT: Familial pituitary adenomas occur rarely in the absence of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) and Carney complex (CNC). OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to characterize the clinical and genealogical features of non-MEN1/CNC familial isolated pituitary adenomas (FIPA). DESIGN AND SETTING: We conducted a retrospective study of clinical and genealogical characteristics of FIPA cases and performed a comparison with a sporadic population at 22 university hospitals in Belgium, Italy, France, and The Netherlands. RESULTS: Sixty-four FIPA families including 138 affected individuals were identified [55 prolactinomas, 47 somatotropinomas, 28 nonsecreting adenomas (NS), and eight ACTH-secreting tumors]. Cases were MEN1/PRKAR1A-mutation negative. First-degree relationships predominated (75.6%) among affected individuals. A single tumor phenotype occurred in 30 families (homogeneous), and heterogeneous phenotypes occurred in 34 families. FIPA cases were younger at diagnosis than sporadic cases (P = 0.015); tumors were diagnosed earlier in the first vs. the second generation of multigenerational families. Macroadenomas were more frequent in heterogeneous vs. homogeneous FIPA families (P = 0.036). Prolactinomas from heterogeneous families were larger and had more frequent suprasellar extension (P = 0.004) than sporadic cases. Somatotropinomas occurred as isolated familial somatotropinoma cases and within heterogeneous FIPA families; isolated familial somatotropinoma cases represented 18% of FIPA cases and were younger at diagnosis than patients with sporadic somatotropinomas. Familial NS cases were younger at diagnosis (P = 0.03) and had more frequently invasive tumors (P = 0.024) than sporadic cases. CONCLUSIONS: Homogeneous and heterogeneous expression of prolactinomas, somatotropinomas, NS, and Cushing's disease can occur within families in the absence of MEN1/CNC. FIPA and sporadic cases have differing clinical characteristics. FIPA may represent a novel endocrine neoplasia classification that requires further genetic characterization.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/32702
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