We present data from right brain-damaged patients, with and without spatial heminattention, which show the influence of hemispatial deficits on spoken language processing. We explored the findings of a previous study, which used an emphatic stress detection task and suggested spatial transcoding of a spoken active sentence in a 'language line'. This transcoding was impaired in its initial portion (the subject-word) when the neglect syndrome was present. By expanding the original methodology, the present study provides a deeper understanding of the level of spoken language processing involved in the heminattentional bias. To ascertain the role played by syntactic structure, active and passive sentences were compared. Sentences comprised of musical notes and of a sequence of unrelated nouns were also compared to determine whether the bias was manifest with any sequence of events (not only linguistic ones) deployed over time, and with a sequence of linguistic events not embedded in a structured syntactic frame. Results showed that heminattention exerted an influence only when a syntactically structured linguistic input (=sentence with agent of action, action and recipient of action) was processed, and that it did not interfere when a sequence of non-linguistic sounds or unrelated words was presented. Furthermore, when passing from active to passive sentences, the heminattentional bias was inverted, suggesting that heminattention primarily involves the logical subject of the sentence, which has an inverted position in passive sentences. These results strongly suggest that heminattention acts on the spatial transcoding of the deep structure of spoken language. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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|Titolo:||When space merges into language|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Citazione:||When space merges into language / M., Cristina Rinaldi; Pizzamiglio, Luigi Remo. - In: NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA. - ISSN 0028-3932. - STAMPA. - 44:4(2006), pp. 556-565.|
|Appare nella tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|