The complex evolutionary history of Quercus suber has been throughly investigated in many recent works, but the details of its differentiation processes are still largely unknown. In addition, the geographical and evolutionary roles of the eastern parts of the species range have gained much less attention compared to other southern European areas. In order to fill this gap, new insights to infer the species diversification and range establishment of the cork oak in the east-central Mediterranean are here provided by means of inter- and intra-specific plastid DNA and nuclear ribosomal ITS phylogeographic studies. We analyzed 95 natural cork oak populations; 6 closely related, sympatric oaks were included in the study and used for comparisons.Evidence for a clear phylogeographical structure was detected with PCR-RFLP at 5 chloroplast loci, while ITS sequence variation is apparently unrelated with the geographical distribution. Five chloroplast haplotypes and three ITS main lineages were identified. Three haplotypes and all ITS lineages occur in the Italian Peninsula, stressing the importance of these territories for the evolutionary history of the species. Two divergent "Italian" haplotypes are highly shared, and one ITS variant is basal to the ingroup, revealing sister relationships within Cerris taxonomic group. Hypotheses of hybridization, lineage sorting of ancient DNA polymorphisms and of reticulate evolution of the whole species group are presented and discussed.
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|Titolo:||Multiple genome relationships and a complex biogeographic history in the eastern range of Quercus suber L. (Fagaceae) implied by nuclear and chloroplast DNA variation|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|