Hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF) is a pleiotropic factor that activates proliferation, differentiation, and migration of various cell types. Its action is mediated by c-Met, a receptor endowed with tyrosine kinase activity that activates complex signaling cascades and mediates diverse cell responses. Although HGF action was first demonstrated in epithelial cells, expression of HGF and c-Met receptor has also been described in developing and adult mammalian brain. In the developing central nervous system, areas of HGF and c-Met expression are coincident with the migratory pathway of precursor cells. In the present article we report that the interaction between c-Met and HGF/SF in striatal progenitor ST14A cells triggers a signaling cascade that induces modification of cell morphology, with decreased cell-cell interactions and increased cell motility; in particular, we analyzed the reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton and the delocalization of β-catenin and N-cadherin. The testing of other neurotrophic factors (NGF, BDNF, NT3, and CNTF) showed that the observed modifications were peculiar to HGF. We show that phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitor treatment, which blocks cell scattering induced by HGF/SF, does not abolish actin and β-catenin redistribution. The effects of HGF/SF on primary spinal cord cell cultures were also investigated, and HGF/SF was found to have a possible motogenic effect on these cells. The data reported suggest that HGF could play a role in the early steps of neurogenesis as a motogenic factor. © 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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|Titolo:||β-Catenin and actin reorganization in HGF/SF response of ST14A cells|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|