Paroxysmal tonic upgaze of childhood has been described as a benign distinctive syndrome of abnormal ocular movement, with or:without concomitant ataxia. After the first observation of four children, a further 29 patients have been reported with a wide spectrum of neurologic abnormalities such as ataxia, unsteady of gait, learning disabilities and mental retardation at follow-up. Electroencephalograms were normal in all the subjects and magnetic resonance imaging showed deficient myelination in only one patient. Recently it has been suggested that paroxysmal tonic upgaze could be a heterogeneous syndrome, ranging from a simply age-dependent manifestation to a clinical appearance of a variety of disorders affecting the corticomesencephalic loop of vertical eye movement, Moreover, it also could be an early sign of more widespread neurologic dysfunction. We describe three patients who presented paroxysmal tonic upgaze; in one, ataxia was present; in the second child, ata;da and language disorder also-were observed; and in the third patient paroxysmal tonic upgaze was associated with loss of muscle tone (drop-attack-like events). On magnetic resonance imaging, a pinealoma compressing the dorsal mesencephalic region was detected. On the basis of our observations, we suggest that any insult with periaqueductal mesencephalic gray-matter involvement could be considered the basic condition for this peculiar clinical manifestation.
In questo articolo vengono discussi tre casi clinici sottolineando gli elementi per la differenziazione elettro-clinica di movimenti parossistici oculari con alcune epilessie idiopatiche e lesionali della età evolutiva.
Paroxysmal tonic upgaze. physiopathological considerations in three additional cases / Spalice, A.; Parisi, Pasquale; Iannetti, P.. - In: JOURNAL OF CHILD NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 0883-0738. - STAMPA. - 15:1(2000), pp. 15-18. [10.1177/088307380001500103]
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|Titolo:||Paroxysmal tonic upgaze. physiopathological considerations in three additional cases|
IANNETTI, Paola (Corresponding author)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Citazione:||Paroxysmal tonic upgaze. physiopathological considerations in three additional cases / Spalice, A.; Parisi, Pasquale; Iannetti, P.. - In: JOURNAL OF CHILD NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 0883-0738. - STAMPA. - 15:1(2000), pp. 15-18. [10.1177/088307380001500103]|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|