The major protein component (apoB-100) of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is known as a multipotential molecule the several functional regions of which can all be affected by key structural modifications driven by specific domains. Based on our previous report on structural and conformational modifications of apoB-100 in the presence of 17-beta-estradiol (E2), we characterized the interaction between E2 and the apoB-100 and further explored the induced alterations in terms of the structural arrangement of the whole LDL particle. We report evidence for the existence on apoB-100 of a single specific and saturable binding site for E2, the occupancy of which modifies the overall structure of the protein, inducing an increase in the alpha-helix fraction. As a consequence, the structure of the LDL particle is deeply perturbed, with a change in the arrangement of both the outer shell and lipid core and an overall volume shrinkage. The evidence of a regulation of apoB-100 structure by a physiological ligand opens new perspectives in the study of the biological addressing of the LDL particle and suggests a novel rationale in the search for mechanisms underlying the beneficial role of E2 in decreasing the risk of early lesions in atherosclerosis.
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|Titolo:||One site on the apoB-100 specifically binds 17-beta-estradiol and regulates the overall structure of LDL.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|