Use of polyethylenimines (PEIs) of different molecular weight and selected carboxylated-PEI derivatives (PEI-COOH) in the synthesis and stabilization of iron oxide nanoparticles, to obtain possible multifunctional contrast agents. Oxidation of Fe(II) at slightly elevated pH and temperature resulted in the formation of highly soluble and stable nanocomposites of iron oxides and polymer. Composites were characterized and studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffractometry, AC and DC magnetometry, NMR relaxometry and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). From AFM the dimensions of the aggregates were found to be in the similar to 150-250 nm size region; the mean diameter of the magnetic core of the compounds named PEI-25, PEI-500 and PEI-COOH60 resulted d similar to 20 +/- A 5 nm for PEI-25, d similar to 9.5 +/- 1.0 nm for PEI-500 and d similar to 6.8 +/- 1.0 nm for PEI-COOH60. In PEI-COOH60 TEM and X-ray diffractometry revealed small assemblies of mineral magnetic cores with clear indications that the main constituents are maghemite and/or magnetite as confirmed by AC and DC SQUID magnetometry. For PEI-COOH60, the study of NMR-dispersion profiles revealed r (1) and r (2) relaxivities comparable to superparamagnetic iron-oxide commercial compounds in the whole investigated frequency range 7 a parts per thousand currency sign nu a parts per thousand currency sign 212 MHz. PEI-25 was studied as possible MRI contrast agent (CA) to map the cerebral blood volume (CBV) and cerebral blood flow (CBF) in an animal model obtaining promising results. The reported compounds may be further functionalized to afford novel multifunctional systems for biomedical applications.
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|Titolo:||Synthesis and characterization of polyethylenimine-based iron oxide composites as novel contrast agents for MRI|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Citazione:||Synthesis and characterization of polyethylenimine-based iron oxide composites as novel contrast agents for MRI / A., Masotti; A., Pitta; Ortaggi, Giancarlo; M., Corti; C., Innocenti; A., Lascialfari; M., Marinone; P., Marzola; A., Daducci; A., Sbarbati; E., Micotti; F., Orsini; G., Poletti; C., Sangregorio. - In: MAGNETIC RESONANCE MATERIALS IN PHYSICS BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE. - ISSN 0968-5243. - 22:2(2009), pp. 77-87.|
|Appare nella tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|