Recent evidence demonstrated that T cell activation leads to the redistribution of membrane and intracellular kinase-rich raft microdomains at the site of TCR engagement. In this investigation we demonstrated by high performance thin layer chromatography, gas chromatographic, and mass spectrometric analyses that GM3 is the main ganglioside constituent of these microdomains in human lymphocytes. Then we analyzed GM3 distribution and its interaction with the phosphorylation protein Zap-70. Human T lymphocytes were stimulated with anti-CD3 and anti-CD28. Immunofluorescence microscopy analysis revealed a clustered GM3 distribution over the cell surface and an intracellular localization resembling specific cytoplasmic compartment(s). Scanning confocal microscopy showed that T cell activation induced a significant association between GM3 and Zap-70, as revealed by nearly complete colocalization areas; very few colocalization areas were detected in unstimulated cells. Coimmunoprecipitation experiments revealed that GM3 was immunoprecipitated by anti-Zap-70 only after co-stimulation through CD3 and CD28 as detected by both thin layer chromatography and immunoblotting. Therefore, T cell activation does not promote a redistribution of glycosphingolipid-enriched microdomains but induces Zap-70 translocation in selective membrane domains in which Zap-70 may interact with GM3. These findings suggest that GM3 is a component of a multimolecular signaling complex involved in T cell activation.
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|Titolo:||Association of GM3 with Zap-70 induced by T cell activation in plasma membrane microdomains|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|