An ochronotic femoral head has been studied morphologically under the light and the electron microscope. Its articular cartilage showed the alterations already reported in the literature, mainly consisting of erosions of the surface, pigment accumulation in chondrocytes and intercellular matrix, chondrocyte degeneration, the formation of pigmented, calcified and uncalcified microshards, and the presence of granulation tissue with macrophagic cells. The changes in bone were less severe than those in cartilage. Pigment was present in the calcified matrix. This did not seem to disturb the organization of the bone tissue, although it was diffusely osteoporotic, perhaps because of limb disuse. The preservation of calcified matrix might depend on the fact that its collagen fibrils are encrusted by mineral substance, which avoids the dangerous effects that the deposition of ochronotic pigment induces in the fibrils of soft connective tissues. On the other hand, the newly formed osteoid matrix remains uncalcified for too short a time to be modified by the pigment. Diffuse or granular pigmentation was found in a few osteocytes, while several of them were condensed or reduced to cellular fragments. Bone resorption often occurred near these osteocytes. However, this did not seem to alter the degree of bone remodelling, possibly because of the relatively low numbers of degenerated or dead osteocytes. Pigment was also contained in the cytoplasmic vacuoles of otherwise active osteoclasts, whereas it was not found in osteoblasts. On the whole, ochronosis in bone seems to induce the same changes as in other connective tissues. However, their severity appears to be limited by calcification, which prevents modifications in collagen fibrils, and by bone remodelling, which to some extent eliminates the oldest, pigment-richest parts of the tissue.
A MORFOLOGIC STUDY OF BONE AND ARTICULAR CARTILAGE IN OCHRONOSIS / DI FRANCO, Manuela; Coari, Giulio; Bonucci, Ermanno. - In: VIRCHOWS ARCHIV. - ISSN 0945-6317. - STAMPA. - 436(2000), pp. 74-81. [10.1007/PL00008202]
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|Titolo:||A MORFOLOGIC STUDY OF BONE AND ARTICULAR CARTILAGE IN OCHRONOSIS|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Citazione:||A MORFOLOGIC STUDY OF BONE AND ARTICULAR CARTILAGE IN OCHRONOSIS / DI FRANCO, Manuela; Coari, Giulio; Bonucci, Ermanno. - In: VIRCHOWS ARCHIV. - ISSN 0945-6317. - STAMPA. - 436(2000), pp. 74-81. [10.1007/PL00008202]|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|