Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)-prone female MRL-lpr/lpr (MRL-lpr) mice were treated with mouse or rat IFN-gamma under different experimental conditions, both prophylactically in 6- to 8-week-old animals and therapeutically in 12- to 18-week-old SLE-affected mice. It was found that IFN-gamma heterogeneously modulated the course of the disease in MRL-lpr-mice. When administered prophylactically, IFN-gamma favorably modulated the histological, serological and clinical signs of the disease. Relative to untreated or PBS-treated control animals, the MRL-lpr mice which received IFN-gamma were virtually free of inflammatory infiltration of the kidneys and the lungs, had lower levels of azotemia with reduction of both circulating IgG1 IgG2a and IgG3 and anti-double strand (ds) and single strand (ss) DNA antibodies, milder skin vasculitis, significantly reduced enlargement of their lymph nodes and lower weight of the spleens. IFN-gamma also lowered the rate of mortality of MRL-lpr mice. In contrast to these findings, therapeutically administered IFN-gamma worsened the course of the disease in MRL-lpr mice, which exhibited increased proteinuria, higher levels of IgG2a and IgG3 and anti-ds and -ss DNA antibodies, more aggressive nephritis and died at an earlier age than PBS-treated control mice. The dichotomic effect of IFN-gamma on disease manifestation in MRL-lpr mice offers new insights into the complex role of this cytokine in the regulation of systemic autoimmunity such as SLE.
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|Titolo:||Dichotomic effects of IFN-gamma on the development of systemic lupus erythematosus-like syndrome in MRL-lpr/lpr mice.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|