OBJECTIVES soprostanes, stable end-products of oxygen free radical mediated-lipid peroxidation, were measured in the coronary vessels during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) to provide direct evidence for enhanced oxidative stress in a local milieu in vivo. BACKGROUND Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty is associated with complications such as myocardial stunning and accelerated restenosis, which at least in part are mediated by oxygen free radicals. Because isoprostanes are markers of oxidant stress and potent vasoactive compounds, the formation of which is not inhibited by aspirin treatment in vivo, it is possible that these mediators are increased locally during PTCA. METHODS In 12 coronary artery disease patients who were given aspirin and ticlopidine, blood samples from coronary sinus were taken immediately before and immediately upon balloon deflation during PTCA. Isoprostane F-2 alpha-III, isoprostane F-2 alpha-VI, and TxB(2) were quantified after extraction and chromatography using a stable dilution isotope gas chromatography/mass spectrometry assay. RESULTS Coronary sinus and left main coronary artery levels of iPF(2 alpha)-III and IPF2 alpha-VI at baseline were (mean +/- SEM) 40 +/- 9 pg/ml and 115 +/- 10 pg/ml, respectively. The TxB(2) levels were undetectable. Following PTCA, isoprostane levels markedly increased (mean +/- SEM): IPF2 alpha-III, 125 +/- 12 pg/ml (p < 0.001); iPF(2)-VI, 295 +/- 20 pg/ml (p < 0.001), whereas TxB(2) levels remained undetectable. CONCLUSIONS These results indicate that PTCA induces coronary sinus increase in F-2-isoprostane formation, and they also provide direct evidence for enhanced oxidative stress in a local milieu in vivo. Thus, an increased F-2-isoprostane formation could play a role in the pathogenesis of some PTCA-associated untoward events. (J Am Cell Cardiol 2001;37:76-80) (C) 2001 by the American College of Cardiology.

Angioplasty increases coronary sinus F-2-isoprostane formation: Evidence for in vivo oxidative stress during PTCA / Iuliano, Luigi; D., Pratico'; Greco, Cesare; Mangieri, Enrico; Giovanni, Scibilia; Garret A., Fitzgerald; Violi, Francesco. - In: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0735-1097. - STAMPA. - 37:1(2001), pp. 76-80. [10.1016/s0735-1097(00)01040-8]

Angioplasty increases coronary sinus F-2-isoprostane formation: Evidence for in vivo oxidative stress during PTCA

IULIANO, Luigi;GRECO, Cesare;MANGIERI, Enrico;VIOLI, Francesco
2001

Abstract

OBJECTIVES soprostanes, stable end-products of oxygen free radical mediated-lipid peroxidation, were measured in the coronary vessels during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) to provide direct evidence for enhanced oxidative stress in a local milieu in vivo. BACKGROUND Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty is associated with complications such as myocardial stunning and accelerated restenosis, which at least in part are mediated by oxygen free radicals. Because isoprostanes are markers of oxidant stress and potent vasoactive compounds, the formation of which is not inhibited by aspirin treatment in vivo, it is possible that these mediators are increased locally during PTCA. METHODS In 12 coronary artery disease patients who were given aspirin and ticlopidine, blood samples from coronary sinus were taken immediately before and immediately upon balloon deflation during PTCA. Isoprostane F-2 alpha-III, isoprostane F-2 alpha-VI, and TxB(2) were quantified after extraction and chromatography using a stable dilution isotope gas chromatography/mass spectrometry assay. RESULTS Coronary sinus and left main coronary artery levels of iPF(2 alpha)-III and IPF2 alpha-VI at baseline were (mean +/- SEM) 40 +/- 9 pg/ml and 115 +/- 10 pg/ml, respectively. The TxB(2) levels were undetectable. Following PTCA, isoprostane levels markedly increased (mean +/- SEM): IPF2 alpha-III, 125 +/- 12 pg/ml (p < 0.001); iPF(2)-VI, 295 +/- 20 pg/ml (p < 0.001), whereas TxB(2) levels remained undetectable. CONCLUSIONS These results indicate that PTCA induces coronary sinus increase in F-2-isoprostane formation, and they also provide direct evidence for enhanced oxidative stress in a local milieu in vivo. Thus, an increased F-2-isoprostane formation could play a role in the pathogenesis of some PTCA-associated untoward events. (J Am Cell Cardiol 2001;37:76-80) (C) 2001 by the American College of Cardiology.
8-epi prostaglandin-f2-alpha; 8-epi-prostaglandin f2-alpha; 8-epiprostaglandin f2-alpha; free-radical generation; in-vivo; isoprostanes; lipid-peroxidation; oxidant stress; reperfusion; spin resonance spectroscopy
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Angioplasty increases coronary sinus F-2-isoprostane formation: Evidence for in vivo oxidative stress during PTCA / Iuliano, Luigi; D., Pratico'; Greco, Cesare; Mangieri, Enrico; Giovanni, Scibilia; Garret A., Fitzgerald; Violi, Francesco. - In: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0735-1097. - STAMPA. - 37:1(2001), pp. 76-80. [10.1016/s0735-1097(00)01040-8]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/253217
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