Neurotransmitters appear early in the developing embryo and may play a role in the regulation of neuronal differentiation. To study potential effects of acetylcholine production in neuronal differentiation, we used the FB5 subclone of N18TG2 murine neuroblastoma cells stably transfected with cDNA for choline acetyltransferase, We tested whether the forced acetylcholine production can modify the expression or the cellular localization of different neuronal markers. We studied the activity, localization, and secretion of acetylcholinesterase in view of its possible role in the modulation of the morphogenetic action of acetylcholine and of its proposed role of a regulator of neurite outgrowth. FB5 cells are characterized by a high level of acetylcholinesterase, predominantly released into the culture medium. Acetylcholinesterase secretion into the medium was lower in choline acetyltransferase-transfected clones than in nontransfected and antisense-transfected controls. Moreover, sequential extraction of acetylcholinesterase revealed that detergent-extracted, i.e,, membrane-associated, activity was higher in the transfected clones expressing choline acetyltransferase activity than in both control groups. These observations suggest that a shift occurs in the utilization of acetylcholinesterase in choline acetyltransferase-transfected clones from a secretion pathway to a pathway leading to membrane localization. In addition, the choline acetyltransferase-positive clones showed higher densities of voltage-gated Na+ channels and enhanced high-affinity choline uptake, suggesting the accomplishment of a more advanced differentiated neuronal phenotype. Finally, binding experiments demonstrated the presence of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors in all examined clones. This observation is consistent with the proposed existence of an autocrine loop, which may be important for the enhancement in the expression of neurospecific trails.
Modulation of AChE and voltage gated Na+ channels in ChAT transfected neuroblastoma clones / DE JACO, Antonella; AJMONE CAT, M. A.; Baldelli, P.; Carbone, E.; Tocco, Gabriella; Biagioni, Stefano. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0022-3042. - STAMPA. - 75(2000), pp. 1123-1131. [10.1046/j.1471-4159.2000.0751123.x]
|Titolo:||Modulation of AChE and voltage gated Na+ channels in ChAT transfected neuroblastoma clones|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Citazione:||Modulation of AChE and voltage gated Na+ channels in ChAT transfected neuroblastoma clones / DE JACO, Antonella; AJMONE CAT, M. A.; Baldelli, P.; Carbone, E.; Tocco, Gabriella; Biagioni, Stefano. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0022-3042. - STAMPA. - 75(2000), pp. 1123-1131. [10.1046/j.1471-4159.2000.0751123.x]|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|