A major concern of cement-based solidification/stabilization of hazardous wastes is the interaction of waste contaminants on cement properties. Literature contains many examples of studies on the interference of individual contaminants on cement properties. Conversely, little information is available on how the interactions between contaminants affect the properties of cement/waste systems. This paper provides a discussion on the interference mechanisms exerted by seven contaminants, five heavy metals and two anions, on cement hydration. The seven contaminants were selected on the basis of the typical composition of municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) fly ash. Spiking experiments using pure compounds were performed according to a 2(IV)(7-3) fractional factorial design to simulate addition of MSWI fly ash to ordinary Portland cement. The acid neutralization behavior of the laboratory cement-contaminant mixtures was studied to detect the presence of solid phases responsible for the buffering capacity of the solid matrix. The results from the experimental work showed that Zn, Cl-, and SO42- were the major factors influencing, occasionally in combination with other contaminants, strength and acid neutralization capacity of the cementitious products. The release of Cd, Cr, Cu, and Pb in the eluates as a function of pH also suggested possible chemical immobilization mechanisms of such metals within the hardened matrix.

Fractional factorial design to investigate the influence of heavy metals and anions on acid neutralization behavior of cement-based products / Polettini, Alessandra; Pomi, Raffaella; P., Sirini. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 0013-936X. - 36:7(2002), pp. 1584-1591. [10.1021/es010002z]

Fractional factorial design to investigate the influence of heavy metals and anions on acid neutralization behavior of cement-based products

POLETTINI, Alessandra;POMI, Raffaella;
2002

Abstract

A major concern of cement-based solidification/stabilization of hazardous wastes is the interaction of waste contaminants on cement properties. Literature contains many examples of studies on the interference of individual contaminants on cement properties. Conversely, little information is available on how the interactions between contaminants affect the properties of cement/waste systems. This paper provides a discussion on the interference mechanisms exerted by seven contaminants, five heavy metals and two anions, on cement hydration. The seven contaminants were selected on the basis of the typical composition of municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) fly ash. Spiking experiments using pure compounds were performed according to a 2(IV)(7-3) fractional factorial design to simulate addition of MSWI fly ash to ordinary Portland cement. The acid neutralization behavior of the laboratory cement-contaminant mixtures was studied to detect the presence of solid phases responsible for the buffering capacity of the solid matrix. The results from the experimental work showed that Zn, Cl-, and SO42- were the major factors influencing, occasionally in combination with other contaminants, strength and acid neutralization capacity of the cementitious products. The release of Cd, Cr, Cu, and Pb in the eluates as a function of pH also suggested possible chemical immobilization mechanisms of such metals within the hardened matrix.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/249959
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