Objective: Many patients with advanced lung cancer invading the airway require only palliation; however, induction chemotherapy and surgery may sometimes be considered. Preliminary endoscopic palliation may improve quality of life and functional status, allows better evaluation of tumor extension and contributes to prevent infectious complications. We reviewed our experience with preliminary laser treatment, induction chemotherapy and surgical resection in patients with lung cancer invading the airway. Methods: Twenty-one patients with stage IIIA and IIIB lung cancer presenting with an 80% unilateral airway obstruction were treated with laser resection, induction chemotherapy and surgery. Spirometry, arterial blood gasanalysis, quality of life (QLQ-C30 score) and performance status were recorded before and after laser treatment and after chemotherapy. Complications during chemotherapy, surgical morbidity and mortality, and survival were also recorded. Results: No complications were observed after endoscopic treatment. FEV1 significantly improved from 1.4 +/- 0.4 Us to 22 +/- 0.7 1/s, as well as FVC (from 2 +/- 0.5 to 3.1 +/- 0.8 1), and remained stable after chemotherapy. The QLQ-C30 score significantly improved after laser treatment (from 45 +/- 4.8 to 31 +/- 2.5) as well as the Karnofsky status (from 76 +/- 5 to 90). One patient developed pneumonia during induction chemotherapy. Three patients were not operated on. We performed five pneumonectomies (one right tracheal sleeve pneumonectomy) and 13 lobectomies (five associated to a bronchial sleeve resection). One patient (5.5%) died after the operation. Four patients experienced minor postoperative complications. Three-year survival after the operation was 52%. Conclusions: Preliminary endoscopic palliation of lung cancer invading the airway is feasible, improves evaluation and staging, helps to reduce the incidence of complications during induction chemotherapy without increasing surgical morbidity and mortality. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Endoscopic treatment of lung cancer invading the airway before induction chemotherapy and surgical resection / Venuta, Federico; Rendina, Erino Angelo; DE GIACOMO, Tiziano; E., Mercadante; Ciccone, Annamaria; M. T., Aratari; M., Moretti; Coloni, Giorgio Furio. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CARDIO-THORACIC SURGERY. - ISSN 1010-7940. - STAMPA. - 20:3(2001), pp. 464-467. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 14th Annual Meeting of the European-Association-for-Cardio-Thoracic-Surgery tenutosi a FRANKFURT, GERMANY nel OCT 07-11, 2000 [10.1016/s1010-7940(01)00742-4].

Endoscopic treatment of lung cancer invading the airway before induction chemotherapy and surgical resection

VENUTA, Federico;RENDINA, Erino Angelo;DE GIACOMO, Tiziano;CICCONE, ANNAMARIA;COLONI, Giorgio Furio
2001

Abstract

Objective: Many patients with advanced lung cancer invading the airway require only palliation; however, induction chemotherapy and surgery may sometimes be considered. Preliminary endoscopic palliation may improve quality of life and functional status, allows better evaluation of tumor extension and contributes to prevent infectious complications. We reviewed our experience with preliminary laser treatment, induction chemotherapy and surgical resection in patients with lung cancer invading the airway. Methods: Twenty-one patients with stage IIIA and IIIB lung cancer presenting with an 80% unilateral airway obstruction were treated with laser resection, induction chemotherapy and surgery. Spirometry, arterial blood gasanalysis, quality of life (QLQ-C30 score) and performance status were recorded before and after laser treatment and after chemotherapy. Complications during chemotherapy, surgical morbidity and mortality, and survival were also recorded. Results: No complications were observed after endoscopic treatment. FEV1 significantly improved from 1.4 +/- 0.4 Us to 22 +/- 0.7 1/s, as well as FVC (from 2 +/- 0.5 to 3.1 +/- 0.8 1), and remained stable after chemotherapy. The QLQ-C30 score significantly improved after laser treatment (from 45 +/- 4.8 to 31 +/- 2.5) as well as the Karnofsky status (from 76 +/- 5 to 90). One patient developed pneumonia during induction chemotherapy. Three patients were not operated on. We performed five pneumonectomies (one right tracheal sleeve pneumonectomy) and 13 lobectomies (five associated to a bronchial sleeve resection). One patient (5.5%) died after the operation. Four patients experienced minor postoperative complications. Three-year survival after the operation was 52%. Conclusions: Preliminary endoscopic palliation of lung cancer invading the airway is feasible, improves evaluation and staging, helps to reduce the incidence of complications during induction chemotherapy without increasing surgical morbidity and mortality. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
induction chemotherapy; laser treatment; lung cancer
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Endoscopic treatment of lung cancer invading the airway before induction chemotherapy and surgical resection / Venuta, Federico; Rendina, Erino Angelo; DE GIACOMO, Tiziano; E., Mercadante; Ciccone, Annamaria; M. T., Aratari; M., Moretti; Coloni, Giorgio Furio. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CARDIO-THORACIC SURGERY. - ISSN 1010-7940. - STAMPA. - 20:3(2001), pp. 464-467. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 14th Annual Meeting of the European-Association-for-Cardio-Thoracic-Surgery tenutosi a FRANKFURT, GERMANY nel OCT 07-11, 2000 [10.1016/s1010-7940(01)00742-4].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/249563
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