A quadruple mutant of sperm whale myoglobin was constructed to mimic the structure found in Ascaris suum hemoglobin. The replacements include His(E7) --> Gln, Leu(B10) --> Tyr, Thr(E10) --> Arg, and Ile(G8) --> Phe. Single, double, and triple mutants were characterized to dissect out the effects of the individual substitutions. The crystal structures of the deoxy and oxy forms of the quadruple mutant were determined and compared with that of native Ascaris hemoglobin. Tyr(B10) myoglobin displays low O(2) affinity, high dissociation rate constants, and heterogeneous kinetic behavior, suggesting unfavorable steric interactions between the B10 phenol side chain and His(E7). In contrast, all mutants containing the Tyr(B10)/Gln(E7) pair show high O(2) affinity, low dissociation rate constants, and simple, monophasic kinetic behavior. Replacement of Ile(107) with Phe enhances nanosecond geminate recombination singly and in combination with the Tyr(B10)/Gln(E7)/Arg(E10) mutation by limiting access to the Xe4 site. These kinetic results and comparisons with native Ascaris hemoglobin demonstrate the importance of distal pocket cavities in governing the kinetics of ligand binding. The similar to150-fold higher O(2) affinity of Ascaris hemoglobin compared with that for Tyr(B10)/Gln(E7)-containing myoglobin mutants appears to be the result of favorable proximal effects in the Ascaris protein, due to a staggered orientation of His(F8), the lack of a hydrogen bonding lattice between the F4, F7, and F8 residues, and the presence of a large polar Trp(G5) residue in the interior portion of the proximal heme pocket.

Controlling ligand binding in myoglobin by mutagenesis / F., Draghi; Miele, Adriana Erica; TRAVAGLINI ALLOCATELLI, Carlo; Vallone, Beatrice; Brunori, Maurizio; Q. H., Gibson; J. S., Olson. - In: THE JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0021-9258. - STAMPA. - 277:9(2002), pp. 7509-7519. [10.1074/jbc.m109206200]

Controlling ligand binding in myoglobin by mutagenesis

MIELE, Adriana Erica;TRAVAGLINI ALLOCATELLI, Carlo;VALLONE, Beatrice;BRUNORI, Maurizio;
2002

Abstract

A quadruple mutant of sperm whale myoglobin was constructed to mimic the structure found in Ascaris suum hemoglobin. The replacements include His(E7) --> Gln, Leu(B10) --> Tyr, Thr(E10) --> Arg, and Ile(G8) --> Phe. Single, double, and triple mutants were characterized to dissect out the effects of the individual substitutions. The crystal structures of the deoxy and oxy forms of the quadruple mutant were determined and compared with that of native Ascaris hemoglobin. Tyr(B10) myoglobin displays low O(2) affinity, high dissociation rate constants, and heterogeneous kinetic behavior, suggesting unfavorable steric interactions between the B10 phenol side chain and His(E7). In contrast, all mutants containing the Tyr(B10)/Gln(E7) pair show high O(2) affinity, low dissociation rate constants, and simple, monophasic kinetic behavior. Replacement of Ile(107) with Phe enhances nanosecond geminate recombination singly and in combination with the Tyr(B10)/Gln(E7)/Arg(E10) mutation by limiting access to the Xe4 site. These kinetic results and comparisons with native Ascaris hemoglobin demonstrate the importance of distal pocket cavities in governing the kinetics of ligand binding. The similar to150-fold higher O(2) affinity of Ascaris hemoglobin compared with that for Tyr(B10)/Gln(E7)-containing myoglobin mutants appears to be the result of favorable proximal effects in the Ascaris protein, due to a staggered orientation of His(F8), the lack of a hydrogen bonding lattice between the F4, F7, and F8 residues, and the presence of a large polar Trp(G5) residue in the interior portion of the proximal heme pocket.
heme reactivity; kinetics; myoglobin; protein crystallography; site directed mutagenesis
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Controlling ligand binding in myoglobin by mutagenesis / F., Draghi; Miele, Adriana Erica; TRAVAGLINI ALLOCATELLI, Carlo; Vallone, Beatrice; Brunori, Maurizio; Q. H., Gibson; J. S., Olson. - In: THE JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0021-9258. - STAMPA. - 277:9(2002), pp. 7509-7519. [10.1074/jbc.m109206200]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/248836
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