Esculentin-1 is a 46-amino acid residue peptide isolated from skin secretions of Rana esculenta, displaying the most potent antimicrobial activity among the bioactive molecules found in the secretion, with negligible effects on eukaryotic cell membranes. From skin secretions, the 19–46 fragment of esculentin-1, devoid of antibacterial activity, was also isolated. We studied in detail the activity of the N-terminal fragment (1–18) of esculentin-1 using a synthetic amidated analogue. The results show that this fragment is highly active against most bacterial and fungal species, although at a lower extent than the full-length peptide, being four-fold more potent against Phytophthora nicotianae. It has a reduced activity against human erythrocytes with respect to the full-length peptide. The killing curves in liquid medium are similar for the two molecules and the shorter peptide is able to increase the bacterial outer and inner membrane permeability. Overall these data indicate that the antimicrobial properties of esculentin-1 are exerted by its N-terminal 1–18 region and that the positively charged residue distribution as well as peptide length represent important determinants for cell selectivity.

Functional characterisation of the 1-18 fragment of esculentin-1b, an antimicrobial peptide from Rana esculenta / Mangoni, Maria Luisa; Fiocco, D; Mignogna, Giuseppina; Barra, D; Simmaco, Maurizio. - In: PEPTIDES. - ISSN 0196-9781. - STAMPA. - 24(2003), pp. 1771-1777. [10.1016/j.peptides.2003.07.029]

Functional characterisation of the 1-18 fragment of esculentin-1b, an antimicrobial peptide from Rana esculenta

MANGONI, Maria Luisa;MIGNOGNA, Giuseppina;SIMMACO, Maurizio
2003

Abstract

Esculentin-1 is a 46-amino acid residue peptide isolated from skin secretions of Rana esculenta, displaying the most potent antimicrobial activity among the bioactive molecules found in the secretion, with negligible effects on eukaryotic cell membranes. From skin secretions, the 19–46 fragment of esculentin-1, devoid of antibacterial activity, was also isolated. We studied in detail the activity of the N-terminal fragment (1–18) of esculentin-1 using a synthetic amidated analogue. The results show that this fragment is highly active against most bacterial and fungal species, although at a lower extent than the full-length peptide, being four-fold more potent against Phytophthora nicotianae. It has a reduced activity against human erythrocytes with respect to the full-length peptide. The killing curves in liquid medium are similar for the two molecules and the shorter peptide is able to increase the bacterial outer and inner membrane permeability. Overall these data indicate that the antimicrobial properties of esculentin-1 are exerted by its N-terminal 1–18 region and that the positively charged residue distribution as well as peptide length represent important determinants for cell selectivity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/248664
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