Abstract To evaluate the relationship between autonomic neuropathy, and biochemical and X-ray parameters of secondary hyperparathyroidism, we examined 19 predialysis and 24 haemodialysis non-diabetic uraemic patients. Autonomic neuropathy was assessed using four tests: deep breathing, Valsalva manoeuvre, lying to standing, and postural hypotension. Serum Ca, Ca2+, P, Mg, alkaline phosphatase, iPTH, and osteocalcin were assayed. Hand X-ray was obtained to evaluate acro-osteolysis (score A) and subperiosteal resorption (score B). Ten predialysis patients (52%) and 15 haemodialysis patients (62%) showed one or more abnormal autonomic tests. Age, dialysis duration, and biochemical parameters of secondary hyperparathyroidism did not differ significantly in uraemic patients with and without abnormal autonomic tests. Furthermore, there was no significant relation between autonomic tests and iPTH or osteocalcin. Score A and score B was significantly greater in patients with abnormal tests than in patients without (P less than 0.009 and P less than 0.025). When predialysis and haemodialysis patients were considered separately the correlation between score A, score B, and autonomic neuropathy was confirmed only in haemodialysis patients. In conclusion, autonomic neuropathy does not seem to be related to the biochemical parameters of secondary hyperparathyroidism, while it appears significantly associated with the radiological signs of osteodystrophy, suggesting a possible pathogenetic linkage between autonomic neuropathy and secondary hyperparathyroidism.

Autonomic neuropathy and secondary hyperparathyroidism in uraemia / V., Spallone; Mazzaferro, Sandro; Tomei, Ernesto; M. R., Maiello; G., Lungaroni; D., Sardella; Diacinti, Daniele; G., Menzinger; G., Coen. - In: NEPHROLOGY DIALYSIS TRANSPLANTATION. - ISSN 0931-0509. - STAMPA. - 5:SUPPL. 1(1990), pp. 128-130.

Autonomic neuropathy and secondary hyperparathyroidism in uraemia

MAZZAFERRO, SANDRO;TOMEI, Ernesto;DIACINTI, Daniele;
1990

Abstract

Abstract To evaluate the relationship between autonomic neuropathy, and biochemical and X-ray parameters of secondary hyperparathyroidism, we examined 19 predialysis and 24 haemodialysis non-diabetic uraemic patients. Autonomic neuropathy was assessed using four tests: deep breathing, Valsalva manoeuvre, lying to standing, and postural hypotension. Serum Ca, Ca2+, P, Mg, alkaline phosphatase, iPTH, and osteocalcin were assayed. Hand X-ray was obtained to evaluate acro-osteolysis (score A) and subperiosteal resorption (score B). Ten predialysis patients (52%) and 15 haemodialysis patients (62%) showed one or more abnormal autonomic tests. Age, dialysis duration, and biochemical parameters of secondary hyperparathyroidism did not differ significantly in uraemic patients with and without abnormal autonomic tests. Furthermore, there was no significant relation between autonomic tests and iPTH or osteocalcin. Score A and score B was significantly greater in patients with abnormal tests than in patients without (P less than 0.009 and P less than 0.025). When predialysis and haemodialysis patients were considered separately the correlation between score A, score B, and autonomic neuropathy was confirmed only in haemodialysis patients. In conclusion, autonomic neuropathy does not seem to be related to the biochemical parameters of secondary hyperparathyroidism, while it appears significantly associated with the radiological signs of osteodystrophy, suggesting a possible pathogenetic linkage between autonomic neuropathy and secondary hyperparathyroidism.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/247878
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